- Antonyms are words which have almost the opposite meaning for the given context.
- Since some words have multiple meanings, one must be careful of the meaning associated with an antonym.
- For example, Love and Hate are antonyms.
- In Pali, the antonyms of Lobha (Greed), Dosa (Anger or Hatred) and Moha (Ignorance of Delusion) are Alobha (Non-greed), Adosa (Non-hatred) and Amoha (Non-ignorance or Wisdom).
- Homonyms are words which sound the same.
rain, rein, reign
- A puzzle based on homonyms :
“What is the difference between the Prince of Wales and a cricket ball?”
The Prince of Wales is heir to the throne.
A cricket ball is thrown to the air.
- is usually a phrase whose meaning is not obvious
- gets the meaning accepted due to usage over time
- is a linguistic device
- During my middle school days, one of my uncles gave me books (including “A Book of Idioms”) .
From the book, I learned that “the hand that rocks the cradle” stands for “a mother”.
- “Rain cats and dogs” is an idiom which means “Rain heavily”.
In this example, the idiom uses a metaphor.
- No one knows the root of the idiom “kick the bucket” meaning “dies”.
Someone guessed that a man being hanged by a rope might kick a bucket.
- Idioms should be used sparingly.
If you combine two idioms mentioned above and say “The hand that rocked the cradle kicked the bucket” you might receive LOL (Laughing Out Loud).
- Synonyms are words which have almost the same meaning for the given context.
- Since some words have multiple meanings, one must specify the meaning associated with a synonym.
- Dictionary, Thesaurus, Lexicon and Vocabulary are synonyms.
Their usage depends on the context.
In general, Lexicon is a body of knowledge (or dictionary) of Latin and Greek.
At one time, Lexicon is a card game where players create words and score points. It was superseded by Scrabble.