- According to “Ripley’s Believe it or not“, a graveyard inscription has February 30th.
- The followers of Julius Caesar took away a day from February to make July (named after Julius Caesar) have 31 days instead of 30.
- The followers of Augustus Caesar took away a day from February to make August (named after Augustus Caesar) to have 31 days instead of 30.
- February became the shortest month of the calendar year with 28 days.
It was given back an extra day on a leap year.
- The earth takes about 365.2422 days to revolve round the sun, so the discrepancy became 0.9688 day every four years (or 97 days in 4 centuries).
- In Gregorian calendar, a leap year is defined as a non-century year that is divisible by 4, and a century year that is divisible by 400.
Latin terms for student
- Alumnus means “male student”
- Almuna means “female student”
- Alumni means “male students”
- Alumnae means “female students”.
- In modern usage, the term “alumni” applies to both male and female students.
- To save time and space, we use alum (or alumni) for all the four cases.
- Synonyms are words which have almost the same meaning for the given context.
- Since some words have multiple meanings, one must specify the meaning associated with a synonym.
- Dictionary, Thesaurus, Lexicon and Vocabulary are synonyms.
Their usage depends on the context.
In general, Lexicon is a body of knowledge (or dictionary) of Latin and Greek.
At one time, Lexicon is a card game where players create words and score points. It was superseded by Scrabble.
- Antonyms are words which have almost the opposite meaning for the given context.
- Since some words have multiple meanings, one must be careful of the meaning associated with an antonym.
- For example, Love and Hate are antonyms.
- In Pali, the antonyms of Lobha (Greed), Dosa (Anger or Hatred) and Moha (Ignorance of Delusion) are Alobha (Non-greed), Adosa (Non-hatred) and Amoha (Non-ignorance or Wisdom).
- Homonyms are words which sound the same.
rain, rein, reign
- A puzzle based on homonyms :
“What is the difference between the Prince of Wales and a cricket ball?”
The Prince of Wales is HEIR to the THRONE.
A cricket ball is THROWN to the AIR.
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