U - Z

HM : Universities and Institutes

Brief history

  • In December 1920, an Act was passed to establish the University of Rangoon with Rangoon College and Judson College as the constituent Colleges.
  • Some RU students protested the “Rangoon University Act of 1920)” for not being overreaching.
  • The first RU Students’ Strike was later celebrated as “Ah Myo Tha Aung Pwe Nay”.
  • The Strike gave birth to National Schools.
  • The Strike also caused the higher authorities to amend the “RU Act of 1920”.
  • In 1970, the Golden Jubilee of the founding of RU was celebrated.
    A magazine was published to commemorate the event.
  • In 2020, the Centennial of the founding of RU will take place.


Selection Grade :
Those who earn 800+ Kyats
Entitled to buy 10% of salary at “Staff Shop”

Gazetted Officer :
Those who earn 350 (and CLA) or higher
450 (Base Pay) in the newer system
Promotion, deputation, transfer, and leave are published in the [Burma] Gazette

Positions and Pay scales

  • The list is not exhaustive.
  • The pay scales are samples for the early days.
  • Chancellor : Prime Minister or his appointee
    U Nu attended Convocations and gave speeches.
  • Vice-Chancellor :
    U Ko Lay (Zeyar Maung) was the Vice Chancellor of Mandalay University.
  • Rector :
    Dr. Htin Aung was the first native Rector of Rangoon University.
    Dr. Hla Myint, Dr. Tha Hla and Dr. Maung Maung Kha were the early Rectors.
  • Pro-Rector : introduced in the 80s
    U Ba Than Haq was the first Pro-Rector of RASU.
  • Principal : in charge of a College
    U Pe Maung Tin was the first native Principal of Rangoon College.
  • Dean : in charge of a Faculty
    U Ba Hli was the first native Dean of Engineering.
  • Registrar :
    U Htin Si and U Yu Khin were the early Registrars of Rangoon University.

Head of Department : (e.g. at RIT in the 60s)

  • Large departments are headed by a Professor
  • Sub-departments are headed by a Lecturer
  • Supporting departments may be headed by an Assistant Lecturer.

Professor : 1300+ Kyats

Associate Professor : introduced in the 80s
(1000 – 50 – 1200 Kyats)
for minimum, annual increment and maximum

Lecturer :
800 – 50 – 1200 Kyats (for Lecturers before the 80s)
800 – 50 – 1000 Kyats (for Lecturers in the 80s)

Assistant Lecturer : 350 (and CLA) – 25 -700 Kyats
and CLA (Cost of Living Allowance) was 89 Kyats (or so)
The “adjusted” pay was 439 Kyats (or so)
So, Assistant Lecturer : 450 – 25 – 700 Kyats (after the period when CLA was dropped)

Instructor : 450 – 25 – 700 Kyats (introduced for the Institutes in the 60s)
The pay scale is the same as Assistant Lecturer.
It takes longer to become a Lecturer.

Demonstrator :
Early days : 200 (and CLA) => 297 Kyats (or so)
Later : 320 Scale
Supervises lab

Tutor :
Early days : 200 (and CLA) => 297 Kyats (or so)
Later : 320 Scale
Supervises lab and/or tutorials

Lecturing Tutor :
100 Kyats additional

Ad hoc Tutor :
Early days : 100+ Kyats

Editor’s Notes (2019) :

  • For better or for worse, there have been several changes to the Education System.
    Pro-Rector and Associate Professor were introduced in the 80s.
    Some departments now have several Professors.
    There are Universities with a single Institute of College.
    There are 30+ Technological Universities.
  • Due to the decline in the buying power of the money, it is difficult for most teaching staff to survive with the salaries (and occasional pay raises).
    In 2018, a Professor told me that she earned about K5 Lakhs, of which a sizable amount is spent on transportation.
U Ba Hli
U Ba Hli

Categories: U - Z

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