Notes *

  • Terms
    Some of the terms (e.g. Class, Intake, HCF) that are used in my posts are defined and elaborated.
  • Language
    The are natural languages and programming languages.
    In our student days, there were only a handful of programming languages.
    It is important to understand and master concepts.
  • Meaning
    Some words have multiple meanings.
    Meanings change over usage and time.
    A harmless word in American English might have bad connotation in British English, and vice-versa.
  • Vocabulary
    It is advantageous to have a good vocabulary.
    One may listen to a pod cast (e.g. Merriam Webster’s Word of the day).
  • Luyechun
    The Ministry of Education ran the “Outstanding Students” program from the Summer of 1964 to 1988.



The term generally refers to the year of graduation.

The Class of 69 refers to the alumni from the academic year 1968 – 69, who graduated in 1969. The Class of 69++ will also include some alumni who took “sabbatical” (“waso”) and graduated a year or two later.


The term generally refers to the year when the group was admitted to RIT, YIT, or YTU.

Most from the 1st BE Intake of 64 graduated in 1970. Most from the 1st BE Intake of 65 graduated in 1971. The Combined 1st BE Intake of 64 and 65 has held Reunion and Acariya Pu Zaw Pwe for nearly two decades.

Some Intakes unfortunately lost three years of their schooling, since the institute was “closed” for three years (from 1988 to 1990).

BIT : Burma Institute of Technology

The engineering school moved to the Gyogone Campus in 1961. BIT was still under the aegis of Rangoon University. U Yone Mo was Dean, Faculty of Engineering, Rangoon University.

Note: AIT (Asian Institute of Technology) might have been dubbed SEATO (South East Asian Treaty Organization) School of Engineering (or equivalent).

RIT : Rangoon Institute of Technology

BIT was renamed as Rangoon Institute of Technology in 1964. The intention was to have Mandalay Institute of Technology [and more]. Under the then New Education System, RIT became an independent Institute along with other professional Institutes. Rangoon University was renamed as RASU (Rangoon Arts and Science University)
I am not sure why it was not renamed as BIT (Rangoon Campus) a la IIT [Indian Institute of Technology]

YIT : Yangon Institute of Technology

Another name change occurred to be in line with the “new” Naming Policy to refrain from using names from the Colonial Era.

Note: The Naming Policy did NOT have a grandfather clause. Some “old” books could not be re-published without the name changes. For example, “Trials in Burma” was forced to be re-titled “Trials in Myanmar”.

YTU : Yangon Technological University

There was another name change to YTU may be to sound similar to NTU in

Swel Daw Yeik

It is a synonym for RIT and the engineering schools preceding and succeeding it. The term became established at the Golden Jubilee
Celebrations of Rangoon University in 1970, when the Ah Nu Pyinnyar Shins of RIT took part as “Swel Daw Yeik Troupe [Ah Nyeint]”.

During the Adhamma Era, Swel Daw Bins were razed from the so-called “Tha Bone Kyaung” (which is a disparaging term to describe “Thamudaya Kyaung”).

With the dawning of the “Pwint Linn Era”, 50 Swel Daw Bins were planted to commemorate the Shwe YaDu (in 2014).

There are many artifacts with “Swel Daw Yeik” in their name and spirit.

They include :

  • Commemorative Swel Daw Yeik Sar Saung
  • Commemorative Swel Daw Yeik Magazine
  • Swel Daw Yeik Foundation (SDYF)

HCF : Health Care Fund

There are several HCFs.

They include :

  • Steeve and Helen Kay Heath Care Fund for RIT Sayas and Sayamas
  • U Khin Maung Tun’s Family’s Eye-care for RIT Sayas and Sayamas
  • SDYF (which now also handles to two funds described above)
  • Class-wide HCFs (e.g. Class of 69, Class of 70 & 71, Class of 72, and Intake of 83)

There has been some “changes” with to the Health Care of Sayas and Sayamas.

  • Hospitalization still has the highest priority
  • Case-by-case consideration for sayas and sayamas who have to visit clinics frequently
  • Eligible sayas and sayamas (age 60+ and NOT 65+) can have Annual medical check ups
  • If funds are available, spouses of eligible sayas and sayamas can also have Annual medical check ups.

RITAA : Alumni Association of RIT/YIT/YTU

  • The Association has provided “SAYA’S CORNER”. Tea and coffee are served.
  • Life membership dues is K60000.
  • The Association is coordinating the “Library Modernization Project”


There are natural languages (e.g. English, French, German) and programming languages (e.g. Java, Scala).


  • Noam Chomsky, a famous linguist, defined the Chomsky Hierarchy for languages and grammars.
  • Natural languages are usually Context Sensitive. A word often has multiple meanings based on the context.
  • Most programming languages are Context Free.


A language has

  • Syntax (rules for forming well defined constructs)
  • Semantics (meaning)
  • Pragmatics (usage)

Sample syntax :
A sentence is a sequence of (a) Subject (b) Verb (c) Object.

We had to study English Grammar books (e.g. Wren and Martin) and Myanmar Thaddar by U Pe Maung Tin.

The Burmese language has a structure similar to the Japanese language, but has a structure quite different to the English language.

  • Kyundaw Kyaung Thoe Thwa Thee (in Burmese)
  • I School To Go (word for word translation into English is not correct).
  • I Go To School (slightly different structure is needed for the correct translation).


The meaning of words can change with time.

In the early days, a “computer” is a person who computes (e.g. tables for firing artillery). Even in some NASA projects, astronauts ask expert mathematicians (including a black female) to compute trajectories to check against the calculations made by electronic computers in the space capsule.

Also, a “compiler” is a person who compiles data (e.g. historical data).

During our UCC days, several computer books were ordered through the Trade Corporation (and related departments). Some one sent a book “Compiler Construction for Digital Computers” to the Ministry of Construction, and another book “The Anatomy of a Compiler” to the Institute of Medicine.

iPad and iPhone are designed and manufactured by Apple.

The trademark iPad belongs to Fujitsu. Former colleagues of mine worked on Fujitsu’s Intelligent Pad (iPad). The trademark was transferred to Apple.

The trademark iPhone belongs to Cisco, which experimented with “Internet Phone” (or equivalent). The trademark was transferred to Apple.


Children are not shy and tend to pick up words — often in multiple languages — quickly and easily.

As people grow older, most tend to live within their comfort zone.

Such people probably add only 10 – 20 new words a year.


To expand or refine one’s vocabulary, one must take extra effort.

In our younger days, we learn from a Reader’s Digest section “It pays to increase your word power” by Wilfred Funk, co-compiler of a dictionary.

We read Vocabulary Books which cover a lesson a day for three to six weeks. We also get tested along the way.

With the rise of Broadcasting and Internet, it is much easier to grow one’s vocabulary.

We can

  • subscribe to Merriam Webster for “Word of the Day”.
  • listen to “Word for the Wise” by NPR (National Public Radio).
  • use “Visual Dictionary” and “Visual Thesaurus”.

Lu Ye Chun


The Lu Ye Chun (Outstanding Student) Program was established in 1964.

Eligible students from 7th Standard to 10th Standard were chosen to attend the Ngapali Lu Ye Chun Camp.

The Lu Ye Chuns include

  • Ko Win Aung (M70)
  • Ma Pwint Than (EP71)
  • Ko Kyaw Zaw (EP72)
  • Ko Win Myint (UCC)


The Lu Ye Chun Program was extended in 1965 for eligible students from Universities and Institutes.

There were three Camps
(a) Inlay Camp for high school and university students
(b) Ngapali Camp for middle school students
(c) Rangoon “Combined” Camp

Inlay Lu Ye Chun

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1010-a.jpg
Inlay 1965 a
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1010-b.jpg
Inlay 1965 b
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Inlay 1965 c
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 1010-d.jpg
Inlay 1965 d

I was selected as RIT Lu Ye Chun for the Inlay Camp along with Ko Sein Shwe, Ko Zaw Min [Nawaday] and Ma Khin Than Myint Tin (Margaret).

Grapevine says that a 3rd BE student had schedule conflicts to attend the Lu Ye Camp.

As a senior student, Ko Sein Shwe was given one Bar. I received three Stripes. Margaret received two Stripes.

Ko Kyaw Sein Koe (Victor, GBNF), Ma Anita Aye Pe, Ko Khin Maung U and Ma Than Than Tin (Cherry) were selected as Lu Ye Chun for IM(1).

Ko Soe Aung (IM2, elder brother of Ko Soe Myint [UCC], Ko Aung Kyee Myint (Agri), Ko Tun Naung (BDS), Ko Min Oo (Mathematics), Ko Ye Myint (Chemistry), Ko Myint Thein (Physics), Ko Soe Lwin (Physics), and Ko Tin Hlaing (Lay Dwin Thar Saw Chit, Burmese) were Lu Ye Chun for their respective disciplines.

Those from Matriculation include Ko Win Myint, Ko Aung Win, Uttam Singh, and Ma Pwint Than. They joined RIT.

Others include :
Ko Aung Shwe (brother of Tekkatho Phone Naing), Ko Than Sit (GBNF), Ko Aung Kyaw Nyunt, Ko Aung Myint, Ko Thein Lwin, and Nelson Kaw.

Multiple Lu Ye Chun

Some were selected Lu Ye Chun for two or more years. They include

  • Dr. Khin Maung U
  • Dr. Thynn Thynn Lin
  • Dr. Pe Thet Khin

Camp Staff

In the beginning some officials from “Lu Nge Ye Yar” served as Camp Commander and staff (for Logistics).

Selected University teachers (e.g. Dr. Daw May May Yi, Daw Po) and High School teachers (e.g. U Aung Gyi, U Khin Aung) were assigned to manage the Lu Ye Chun students. Some (e.g. U Than Tun Aung Hlaing, U Khin Maung Htwe) were chosen to lead some activities (e.g. Volleyball).

A medical doctor (e.g. Naing Tint San) was assigned to take care of the health of the Camp attendees.

Later, Sayagyis (e.g. U Ba Toke) served as Camp Commander.

Visiting Lecturers

U Thein Han (Zawgyi) and Dr. Nyi Nyi are among the Visiting Lecturers for our Inlay Camp.

Many years later, I would be invited to be a Visiting Lecturer at the Ngapali Camp along with Saya U Kyaw Myint (Physics, DHE).


The Lu Ye Chun Program ended in 1988.


A few years back, a formal Reunion of Luyechuns from 1965 – 1988 took place.

Ko Win Aung and Ma Pwint Than can provide the details.

I met Saya U Aung Win at Yangon SPZP.

I had phone contact with Dr. Uttam Singh (known as Uttam S Gill, NASA).

I had a surprise reunion with Ko Win Myint at the dinner hosted by Ko Wai Lwin and Ko Nyan Tun U for Sayagyi Dr. Aung Gyi and selected sayas attending the SPZP in Yangon. Ko Wai Lwin invited Ko Ohn Khine and me to attend the gathering.

Bogyoke Win Myint was then Deputy Minister of Construction. He told me that he was inspired by Ko Sein Shwe to join RIT and that he had published some books.

I also met Ko Htun Aung, spouse of Ma Pwint Than. All three of us met again at the Exhibition Booth by U Myo Myint. Ko Htun Aung introduced his brother “Maung Hmaing” (author of the RIT incidents).

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