Update : January 4, 2022

  • Rhyme (or Kar Yan) is an essential element of Poetry.

Outer Rhyme

  • In most English poems, the end of specific lines rhyme.
    Some Burmese will call them “Ah Pyin Kar Yan” (Outer Rhymes).

Common patterns

  • A B A B
    (where the first and third lines rhyme & the second and fourth lines rhyme).
  • A B B A
    (where the first and fourth lines rhyme & the second and third lines rhyme).

Rhyming Dictionary

  • I received “The Rhyming Dictionary” for taking part in the Debate held by RIT English Association.
  • Saya Des Rodgers, Saya Sao Kan Gyi, and Saya U Khin were the judges.
  • I gave the book to my mentor Ashin Ananda (Laureate Poet).

Inner Rhyme

Most Burmese poems use the “Ah Twin Kar Yan” (Inner Rhyme).

For example,

o o o x
o o x o
o x o o
x o o y
o o y o

  • The first rhyme (say x) starts with the final (say 4th) position in the first line.
    It then moves to one earlier position (say 3rd) in the second line.
    The Kar Yan moves until it hits the first position.
  • As an option, a second rhyme (say y) can be started in the line where the first rhyme ended.

Differences in Style

  • Some poets have their opinions and preferences.
    They do not strictly follow the rhyming rules.
    A few tend to use rhymes sparsely or not at all claiming that rhythm and ideas are sufficient ingredients of a Kabyar (poem).
  • Dr. Nyunt Wai (Victor, SPHS63) noticed that moderate use of Kar Yan is acceptable, but excessive use of Kar Yan can transform a verse or poem into “Ah Kar Ah Yan” (secondary).

Categories: Poem

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