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  • Sutta
  • Abhidhamma
  • Buddhist Councils
  • Mingun

Rules of Monastic Conduct

There are 227 rules to be followed by Theravada Buddhist monks.

227 rules = 4 + 13 + 2 + 30 + 92 + 4 + 75 + 7

Offenses range from irremediable, heavy, …, light

(a) 4 Parajika Offenses :
heavy offense for which there is no remedy

  • Sexual act
  • Stealing
  • Killing any human being
  • [False statement about] supernormal attainment

penalty : ex-communication from the Sangha of monks

(b) 13 Samghadiesa Offenses :
heavy offense that must be dealt by Sangha meetings

Must undergo probation and penance imposed by the Sangha to receive rehabilitation

(c) 2 Indefinite rules :
no fixed penalties for the transgressions

However, there are procedures by which the Sangha may assess appropriate punishment

(d) 30 rules entailing expiation with forfeiture :
forfeit something as a penalty

(e) 92 rules entailing expiation [without forfeiture]

(f) 4 rules entailing confession

(g) 75 monastic rules of discipline :
minor precepts regulating the conduct of the novice or the monk

  • mode of dress
  • deportment
  • eating

(h) 7 dispute-settlements


A classification of Buddha’s Teachings is known as Tipitaka(Three Baskets)

  • Vinaya (Monastic Rules of Conduct)
  • Sutta (Discourses)
  • Abhidhamma (Ultimate Reality)

At the First Buddhist Council,

  • Ashin Maha Kasspa served as the Questioner
  • Ashin Upali was the Responder for Vinaya
  • Ashin Ananda was the Responder for Sutta and Abhidhamma

At the Sixth Buddhist Council,

  • Mahasi Sayadaw U Sobhana served as the Questioner
  • Mingun Tipitaka Sayadaw U Vicittacara was the Responder for Vinaya, Sutta and Abhidhamma

Categories: Notes

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