Article

Short Notes

Update : February 5, 2021

Alphabet

  • Burmese / Myanmar Alphabet (Ka, Kha …)
  • English Alphabet (A to Z)
  • Greek Alphabet (Alpha to Omega)
  • Pali Alphabet
  • Pyu Alphabet

Bhamaso Taya

  • Metta : Loving Kindness, Unbounded Love
  • Karuna : Compassion
  • Mudita : Altruistic Joy, Sympathetic Joy
  • Uppekkha : Equanimity

Buddhism

  • Vinaya
    Monastic Rules of Conduct
  • Sutta
    Discourses
  • Abhidhamma
    Ultimate Reality
  • Pali
    Canon
    Commentary
    Sub-commentary
  • Buddhist Councils
    First, Second and Third : Oral tradition (held in India)
    Fourth : Written texts (compiled in Ceylon / Sri Lanka)
    Fifth : Mandalay (to celebrate 2400th Sasana Era)
    Sixth : Kaba Aye, Yangon (to celebrate 2500th Sasana Era)
  • What the Buddha Taught
    by Dr. Rahula Walpole
    Translation by U Kelasa
  • In His Own Words
    by Bikkhu Bodhi
    Course / book by U Silananda

Burmese

  • Burmese Language
    Spoken Burmese
    Written Burmese
  • Burmese Department
    In Myanmar
    Overseas
  • Burmese Sayas
    U Pe Maung Tin
    U E Maung
    U Wun
  • Khit San Sar Pay
    ICS U Sein Tin (Theikpan Maung Wa)
    U Thein Han (Zawgyi)
    U Wun (Minthuwun)
  • Burmese Language Commission
    Bohmu Ba Thaung
    U San Lwin
  • Text books
    Primary
    Middle School
    High School
    University
  • References
    Dictionary (Abhidan)
    Encyclopedia (Swel Sone Kyan)
    Grammar (Thadda)
    Proverbs (Sagar Pone)
    Spelling (Thutt Pone)
  • Publications
    Cartoons
    Comics
    Journals
    Magazines
    Newspapers
    Novels

Calendar

  • Old Roman Calendar
    Ten “working” months (from March to December)
  • Later Roman Calendars
    Twelve months
  • Julian Calendar
  • Gregorian Calendar

Child

  • Khalay
  • Khalay Ah Thinn
  • Child Psychology
  • Piaget

Fun

  • Fun with Learning
    Facebook group
    Web site
  • Fun with English
    Definitions
    Word Games (Crossword puzzle, Lexicon, Scrabble, Anagram, Jumbled phrase)
  • Fun with Mathematics
    Paradox
    Puzzles
  • Fun with Physics
    Online course

Mathematics

In 1950 – 52, Saya U Aung Hla was Dean of Arts. Saya was also Professor of Mathematics. Saya is an expert in music. He wrote notes for selected Burmese songs.His spouse Daw May Than is a famous vocalist. His son Ko Mya Than is a Band Leader, Guitarist and Pianist.

Later, Mathematics became a Department under the Faculty of Science.

Options (offered in different periods)

  • Pure Maths
  • Applied Maths
  • Double Maths : Pure, Applied
  • Triple Maths : Pure, Applied, Statistics

My Contributions

  • Five decades as volunteer of various organizations / projects
  • 20+ years as Founder / Editor of RIT Alumni International Newsletter 100 Videos (on selected topics)
  • 2000+ Articles (in my web site)
  • 30+ “Overview of RU Centennial Group Posts”
  • 10+ “Countdown to RU Centennial”
  • Memories (including interviews)

New Year

  • Gregorian Calendar
    January 1
  • Lunar New Year
    aka “Chinese New Year” and “Tet”
    January or February
  • Persian New Year
    aka “First day of Spring”
    around March 21
  • Myanmar New Year
    aka “Thingyan”
    Mid April
    cf : Songkran in Thailand
  • Karen New Year
  • Bringing in the New Year
    Celebrations of New Year’s Eve (December 31)
    e.g. Dropping the ball at Times Square in New York

Olympics

  • Ancient Games (in Greece)
  • Modern Games (proposed by Pierre de Coubertin)
    Early period : amateurs only
    Later : commercialized (sponsors, hosts, professional athletes …)
  • 1936 Berlin
  • 1948 London
  • 1952 Helsinki
  • 1956 Melbourne
  • 1960 Rome
  • 1964 Tokyo
  • 1968 Montreal
  • 1972 Munich
  • 1976 Montreal
  • 1980 Moscow
  • 1984 Los Angeles
  • 1988 Soeul
  • 1992 Barcelona
  • 1996 Atlanta
  • 2000 Sydney
  • 2004 Athens
  • 2008 Beijing
  • 2012 London
  • 2016 Rio de Janerio
  • 2020 Scheduled for Tokyo (Postponed due to pandemic)

Sleep

  • Conventional : 8 hours
  • Should vary with person
    e.g. my uncle slept 4 hours, but he had power naps in the day
  • Rationale for sleep
    Rest
    “Clean up garbage” in the brain
    Activities by the Subconscious (e.g. problem solving)
  • Sleep studies
    Dream
    Sleep Apnea (Breathing difficulties)
    Monitor brain (for a specified period)
    Effect of duration (too little, too much)
    Effect of rhythm (specified time to go to sleep)
  • Miscellaneous
    Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise
    The story of Pauk Kyaing

Thet Kyee Sayas and Alumni

Sayagyi U Ba Toke

  • Phwa Bet Taw of Rangoon University in December 1920
  • Book about his life and achievements by Dr. Khin Maung Swe (Maung Thin Char, GBNF) Saya of our sayas
  • Passed away on December 2, 2020 (the day after the RU Centennial Celebrations)

U Thein Han (91+ years)

  • Worked as Systems Engineer for IBM Burma
  • Active doing exercises and sharing memories / posts

U Tin U (91+ years)

  • Joined RU in 1946 along with Dr. Pe Nyun (Pediatric Surgeon, GBNF), Dr. Pe Thein (Minister, Professor, GBNF) and U Sein Hlaing, Professor of Electrical Engineering, GBNF)
  • Former part time Lecturer at Civil Engineering Department
  • Most senior among Past Captains of Rangoon University Boat Club (RUBC) that are still alive. H.E U Maung Maung Than Tun is a few months older than U Tin U and is the oldest among Past Captains.
  • Past Captain of Rangoon Golf Club (RGC)
  • Lost his beloved spouse Dr. Daw Khin Nyunt, his eldest son Dr. Khin Tun (Peter, MRCP, Former Associate Dean of Oxford University) and his son-in-law U Tin Tun within a few months (late 2019 to May 2020)

U Ba Than (90+ years)

  • Collegiate Scholarship in 1947
  • Gold Medalist for highest score in Intermediate Examinations for 1948 and 1949
  • Retired as Professor and Head of Mechanical Engineering
  • Early supporter of HMEE-2012 (History of Myanmar Engineering Education)

Other Thet Kyees

Several of my sayas, sayamas, relatives and friends are 80+ years young.

Time

  • Clock / Watch
  • Calendar
  • Time and Motion Study
  • Time Management
  • Five minute biographies
  • One minute manager …
  • Early responder (within 4 or 5 minutes)
  • Gettysburg Address (less than 2 minutes)
  • TED Talk (less than 18 minutes)
  • Toastmaster Speech (typically 5 to 7 minutes)
  • Sports

To Err Is Human

  • “To err is human, but to make blunders use a computer indiscriminately.”
  • Some software “auto-corrects” words incorrectly.
  • In our younger days, there was a good Scrabble player named James Thet Wai (Proof Reader for the Guardian newspaper).
  • Burmese publications have language experts (Burmese, English, Pali).
  • Before the Internet, the production of a good book requires the expertise of editors and reviewers.
  • Even then, some typos and discrepancies can appear.
    e.g A reference book described Rajiv Gandhi as the “younger” son of Indira Gandhi.
  • Note that articles on the Internet / Social Media — with lax reviews — can have typos and errors.
  • An entry on Dr. Ba Than lists Dr. Aung Than as his son.
  • Another article claimed that Prof. U E Maung was “Bagyi Aung”.
  • One author did not know the time line / order of Arzani Nay and the assassination of ICS U Tin Tut.
  • “To err is human. To forgive divine.”
  • However, it is important to check facts (especially historical dates and events) and provide feedback / correction.

YMBA

  • Young Men’s Buddhist Association
  • Illustrated History of Buddhism
    Mahagandayone Sayadaw Ashin Janakabhivamsa (Author)
    Saya U Ba Kyi (Artist)
    First edition : Myanmar text
    Supplement : English text

YMCA

  • Young Men’s Christian Association
  • N. Smith
    Invented Basketball
  • Dale Carnegie
    How to win friends and influence people
    How to stop worrying and start living
    How to improve your diction
  • Dr. Ralph Smedley
    Public Speaking and Leadership
    Precursor to Toastmasters International

Zero

Numerals

  • Hindu-Arabic numeral : 0
  • No such Roman numeral

Miscellaneous

  • The Dawn of Nothing
  • Positional number system
  • 0-based numbering
  • Nil
  • Null
  • Nothing
  • Often used to represent “False” in two-valued logic.
  • Absolute Zero (temperature)
  • Ground Zero
  • Zero in

Zoom

Lens

  • Photographers and Videographers often use Zoom lens for special effect.
  • The more we grow older the more we have to avoid “zoom camera” to our face.

Zoom In and Zoom Out

  • We zoom in when we want to see things in detail.
  • We zoom out when we need to see things in the bigger picture.

Teleconferencing

  • Zoom is a system for teleconferencing.
  • Usage grew dramatically during the pandemic
  • Free version
  • Deluxe version

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