Pioneers

Outstanding Burmese Noted for Being First in Their Field

Update : February 5, 2021

Firsts in Burma / Myanmar

ျမန္မာ့ ပထမဆံုး စံျပ ပုဂိၢဳလ္ေက်ာ္မ်ား•

President of the Union of Burma

ပထမဆံုးသမၼတ=စ၀္ေရႊသိုက္ ။

  • Sao Shwe Thaik served as the first President of the Union of Burma. Burma gained Independence on January 4, 1948.
  • He was succeeded by Dr. Ba U and Mahn Win Maung.
  • Coup d’etat took place on March 2, 1962 before Sama Duwa Sinwa Naung could take office.
  • Sao Shwe Thaik’s son (Mie Mie Thaik) passed away during the Coup.

Prime Minister of the Union of Burma

ပထမဆံုး၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္=ဦးႏု ။

  • U Nu (known earlier as Thakin Nu) served as the first Prime Minister of the Union of Burma.
  • He was also the last Prime Minister before the fateful Coup d’etat on March 2, 1962.
  • Dawei U Ba Swe was Prime Minister for some time when U Nu took a break.

Medical doctor to study medicine in the West

ပထမဆံုး အေနာက္တိုင္း ေဆးေဒါက္တာ=ေ႐ွာလူး ။

  • Dr. Shaw Loo was the first doctor to study medicine in the USA.

Compilers of the English-Burmese Dictionary

ပထမဆံုး အဂၤလိပ္ ျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္ ေရးသားသူမ်ား= မကၡရာမင္းသားႏွင့္ မစၥတာလိန္း

ေဒါက္တာ{ဆင္ျမဴရယ္}ဂြၽန္ဆင္၏ အဂၤလိပ္အဘိဓာန္ကို ျပန္ဆို ။

  • Mekkhaya Mintha (Prince) & Mr. Lane translated Dr. Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary into Burmese.
  • Subsequent Lexicographers include Dr. Judson, U Tun Nyein, Dr. Ba Han and U Ohn Pe (Tet Toe).

Science and Technology Author

ပထမဆံုး သိပၸံစာေပ ျပဳစုသူ= ေယာမင္းႀကီး ဦးဘိုးလိႈင္ ။

  • Yaw Mingyi U Pho Hlaing was the first Burmese author to write about Science and Technology.

Ahmyotha (National) College Graduate

ပထမဆံုး အမိ်ဳးသားေကာလိပ္မွ ဘဲြ႔ရသူ=ဆရာႀကီး ဦးရာဇာတ္ ။

  • Saygyi U Razak was the first to graduate from Ah Myo Tha College (National College).
  • Served as Principal of the National School in Mandalay.
  • Minister of Education in Bogyoke Aung San’s Cabinet.
  • Assassinated on July 19, 1947.

Engineer

ပထမဆံုးအင္ဂ်င္နီယာ=ဖန္ခ်က္၀န္ ဦးေရႊအိုး ။

  • Phan Chet Wun U Shwe Oh was the first Burmese engineer.

Political prisoner

ပထမဆံုး ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားအက်ဥ္းက်ခံရသူ=ဆရာေတာ္ဦးဥတၱမ ။

  • Sayadaw U Ottama was the first Political Prisoner (of Conscience) in Burma.
  • “U Ottama Pan Chan” is a park named in his honor.
  • Sayadaw U Wisara was another famous Political Prisoner.
  • “U Wisara Kyauk Taing” was erected in his honor.

Social Service Performer

ပထမဆံုး လူမႈ၀န္ထမ္းအမိ်ဳးသမီး=ဖြားဦးဇြန္း{မႏၲေလးၿမိဳ႕သူ}

  • Phwa Oo Zun (Mandalay native) was the first Burmese female to perform Social Service for the public.
  • Established the Home for the Aged.
  • Details can be found in Ludu Daw Ah Mar’s book “Mandalay Thar & Mandalay Thu”.

Actor

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္သ႐ုပ္ေဆာင္=ဦးညီပု ။

  • U Nyi Pu
    Brothers : A1 U Tin Nwe, U Maung Maung Soe (U Tin Pe) and A1 U Tin Maung)
  • First leading male actor in a Burmese movie.
  • The four brothers and their extended families founded several film companies.
  • U Nyi Pu founded Maha Weikzahto Film.
    The “Thamankyaw” movie was shot and produced at U Nyi Pu’s studio.
    A1 Than Htut and A1 Thein Htut directed the movie based on the script by Than Win (T70).
    Actors : Toe Nyunt, Ko Myint (Aung Myint, Min70) and Sai Wunna.

Producer and director

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္တည္ေထာင္သူႏွင့္ဒါ႐ိုက္တာ=လန္ဒန္အတ္ ဦးအုန္းေမာင္ ။

  • London Art U Ohn Maung founded a company to produce Burmese films
  • Served as Director.

Best Male Actor

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္ထူးခြၽန္ဆုရမင္းသား=ေက်ာ္စ္ိုး ။

  • Kyaw Soe won the inaugural award for Best Male Actor.
  • The awards were known as “Shwe Sin Yoke Su”.
  • The winners prefix their names with “Academy”.

Best Female Actor

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္ထူးခြၽန္ဆုရမင္းသမီး=ၾကည္ၾကည္ေဌး ။

  • Kyi Kyi Htay won the inaugural award for the Best Female Actor.
  • Won the award several more times.

Best Child Actor

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္ထူးခြၽန္ဆုရကေလးသ႐ုပ္ေဆာင္=ေအာင္ထြန္းေလး ။

  • Aung Tun Lay won the inaugural award for the Best Child Actor.

Best Male Supporting Actor

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္ထူးခြၽန္ဆုရဇာတ္ပို႔ဆုအမိ်ဳးသား=ဦးေက်ာက္လံုး ။

  • U Kyauk Lone (U Aung Gyi) won the inaugural award for the Best Male Supporting Actor.
  • Son : Sway Tin (Kyauk Pyar)

Best Female Supporting Actor

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္ထူးခြၽန္ဆုရဇာတ္ပို႔ဆုအမိ်ဳးသမီး=ေဒၚေမႏြဲ႔။

  • Daw May Nwe won the inaugural award for the Best Female Supporting Actor.

Best Director

ပထမဆံုး ႐ုပ္႐ွင္ဆုရဒါ႐ိုက္တာ=ဦးသုခ ။

  • U Thu Kha won the inaugural award for the Best Director.
  • Also wrote, acted and sang.
  • My translation “Still So Young” of U Thu Kha’s short story was published in the Sunday Supplement of Working People’s Daily.
    I received K50 for the translation.
    U Thu Kha received an honorarium of K50 for his short story.

Overseas Tour by Saing Saya

ပထမဆံုး ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရာက္ဆိုင္းဆရာ =စိန္ေဗဒါ ။

  • Sein Beda was the first Saing Saya to perform overseas.

Novelist

ပထမဆံုး ကာလေပၚ၀တၳဳေရးစာေရးဆရာ=ဂ်ိမ္း{စ္}လွေက်ာ္ {ေမာင္ရင္ေမာင္ မမယ္မ၀တၳဳ}

  • James Hla Kyaw wrote the first Burmese novel “Maung Yin Maung Ma Mae Ma”.

Female journalist

ပထမဆံုး သတင္းစာဆရာမ=အင္ဒီပင္းအင့္ေဒၚစန္း ။

  • Independent Daw San was the first Burmese female Journalist.

Lecturer at RU English Department

ပထမဆံုး ရန္ကုန္တကၠသိုလ္အဂၤလိပ္စာ ကထိက=ေဒါက္တာဘေမာ္။

  • Dr. Ba Maw was the first Burmese lecturer at the Department of English at the University of Rangoon.
  • Later became Adhipati during the Japanese Occupation.

Principal

ပထမဆံုး ရန္ကုန္တကၠသိုလ္ေက်ာင္းအုပ္ႀကီး=ပါေမာကၡ ဦးေဖေမာင္တင္ ။

  • U Pe Maung Tin was the first Principal of the University of Rangoon.
  • Professor of Oriental Studies (including Pali).
  • Proposed to have a separate Department for Burmese.
  • Three outstanding students — ICS U Sein Tin (Theikpan Maung Wa), U Thein Han (Zawgyi) and U Wun (Minthuwun) — founded the “Khit San Sar Pay” movement.

Rector

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  • Dr. Htin Aung
  • First native Rector of the University of Rangoon
  • Vice-Chancellor, RU
  • Ambassador to Ceylon
  • Author, Historian, Folklorist

Stereo Khit (Era)

ပထမဆံုး စတီရီယိုအဆိုေတာ္=တကၠသိုလ္ထြန္းေနာင္ ။

  • Tekkatho Tun Naung (BDS, Luyechun) was the first vocalist of the Stereo Khit (Era).
  • Others include Accordion Ohn Kyaw and Min Min Latt.
  • Former performers of BBS Local Talent and Variety Show also became professionals.

Aerial acrobat

ပထမဆံုး ေလသူရဲ=မီးပံုးပ်ံဦးေက်ာ္ရင္ ။

  • Mee Bone Byan U Kyaw Yin was the first aerial acrobat to perform stunts from a Hot Air Balloon.
  • He was featured in a text book that we studied in Middle School.
  • Son : Cartoonist U Kyaw San [Ka Sa]

Robotics

ပထမဆံုး စက္ရုပ္တီထြင္သူ=ဦးၾကည္ ။

  • U Kyi constructed the first robot.

Roving Troupe

ပထမဆံုး နယ္လွည့္ဇာတ္သဘင္=ဂရိတ္ဦးဖိုးစိန္ ။

  • Great Po Sein founded the first Nei Hlei Zat Tha Bin (roving troupe for performing plays).
  • Sons : Kenneth Sein and Thet Thet Sein also performed

Chief Justice of High Court

ပထမဆံုး ျမန္မာလူမိ်ဳး=ဟိုက္ကုတ္တရား၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္

ေဒါက္တာျမဆာဘူး{၁၈၉၀.၁၉၆၉}{ျပင္သစ္ႏွင့္ဂ်ာမနီျပန္}

  • Dr. Mya Sir Bu
  • Studied in France and Germany
  • Served as the first Burmese Chief Justice of High Court.

Atomic Energy Commission

ပထမဆံုး ညႊန္ၾကားေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ႏွင့္ အဏုျမဴစြမ္းအင္ဦးစီးဌာနတည္ေထာင္သူ=ေဒါက္တာတင္လိႈင္

  • Dr. Tin Hlaing founded the Department of Atomic Energy
  • Served as the first Director General.

Cartoonist

ပထမဆံုး ျမန္မာကာတြန္းဆရာ=ဦးဘကေလး{ဦးေရႊကေလး}

  • U Ba Galay (U Shwe Ta Lay) was the first Burmese Cartoonist.

History Commission

ပထမဆံုး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သမိုင္းေကာ္မ႐ွင္ဥကၠ႒=စည္သူဦးေကာင္း

  • Sithu U Kaung served as the first President of Burmese History Commission.
  • The History Commission was later merged with the Burmese Language Commission.
  • Children : U Thaw Kaung, Daw Yee May Kaung and Daw Kyi May Kaung.

Computer Systems and Applications

ပထမဆံုး ကြန္ပ်ဴတာတကၠသိုလ္ ပါေမာကၡခ်ဳပ္=ေဒါက္တာတင္ေမာင္ ။

  • Dr Chit Swe is the Computer Pioneer in Burma.
  • Founded the Universities’ Computer Center (UCC) with the help of Saya U Soe Paing, Saya U Myo Min and Saya U Ko Ko Lay (GBNF)
  • Served as the Founding Director of UCC. Dr. Chit Swe established the academic and training courses at UCC with the help of Professor Dr. Harry D. Huskey (Past ACM President) and visiting professors from US, US and Europe.
  • Enabled the academic courses at UCC to have degrees conferred by the Department of Mathematics at Rector of Rangoon Arts and Science University.
  • Became Rector of RASU.
    He never lost his passion about UCC and the dissemination of Computer Science and Applications.
  • Dr. Chit Swe was succeeded as Director of UCC by Dr. Tin Maung (Lecturer at the Department of Mathematics).
  • During Dr. Tin Maung’s tenure, the Department of Computer Science (DCS) and the Institute of Computer Science and Technology (ICST) were established.
  • U Tun Aung Gyaw (EC69) and I were members of “Generation Zero” at UCC. We taught at UCC, DCS and ICST.

President of Burma Students’ Union (Ba Ka Tha)

ပထမဆံုး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံလံုးဆိုင္ရာေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားသမဂၢ{ဗ.က.သ} ဥကၠ႒=ဦးရာ႐ွစ္ ။

  • U Raschid (also known as M. A. Raschid) served as the first President of Ba Ka Tha (All Burma Students’ Union).
  • Served as a Minister in the AFPFL Government.
  • Son : Saya Bilal Raschid (Architecture)

Checkers

ပထမဆံုး က်ားကစားနည္းစာအုပ္ေရးသူ=စာေရးဆရာ ခ်စ္ဦးညိဳ

  • Chit Oo Nyo, a prolific writer, wrote the first book on how to play “Kyar” (Checkers).

Distinguished Social Service

ပထမဆံုး လူမႈထူးခြၽန္ဆုပထမအဆင့္ကိုရရိွသူအမိ်ဳးသမီး=ဟာဂ်ီမ ပ်ဥ္းမနား ေဒၚပု ။

  • Hajeema Pyinmana Daw Pu was the first female to win Lu Hmu Htoo Chun Su Pathama Sint (First Class for Distinguished Social Service).
  • Donated for the founding of some hospitals.
  • Son-in-law : Saya U Ba Than Haq (Retired Professor of Geology and Pro-Rector of RASU)

Florence Nightingale Award

ပထမဆံုး ဖေလာရင့္ ႏိုက္တင္ေဂးဆုရရိွသူ =ဗိုလ္မွဴးေဒၚခင္အုန္းျမ{ခ}စာေရးဆရာမႀကီး ျမမာလာ ။

  • Major Daw Khin Ohn Mya was the first recipient of the Florence Nightingale Award [for outstanding Nursing].
  • Pen name : Mya Marlar

Body Donor

ပထမဆံုး ျမန္မာခႏၶာကိုအလွဴ႐ွင္=ဦး၀င္းျမင့္{မႏၲေလး}

  • U Win Myint (Mandalay) was the first Burmese to donate his body.

United Nations Secretary General

ပထမဆံုး ကုလသမဂၢအတြင္းေရးမွဴး=ဦးသန္႔ ။

  • U Thant succeeded Daj Hammerjold as UNSG (United Nations Secretary General).
  • Third UNSG
  • First Asian UNSG
  • Served two terms
  • Passed away in 1974
  • “U Thant Ah Yay Ah Khin” (In December 1974) is a sad event in the history of Burma.

Nobel Laureate

ပထမဆံုး ျမန္မာႏိုဘယ္လ္ဆု႐ွင္=ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ ။

  • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was the first Burmese to receive the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize.

Entries in Myanmar were compiled by Saya Minthuwun (U Wun)

ဆရာ မင္းသု၀ဏ္စီစဥ္သည္

  • Retired Professor of Burmese at Rangoon University
  • Head of the Translation Department
  • Compiler of the Myanmar Abhidan (Burmese Dictionary)
  • Co-compiler of the Japanese-Burmese Dictionary
  • Visiting Professor of Burmese at Osaka University at the invitation of Professor Harada (“Chit Mann Nwe”)
  • Co-founder of “Khit San Sar Pay” with U Thein Han (Zawgyi) and ICS U Sein Tin (Theikpan Maung Wa)
  • Laureate Poet
  • Children : Edgar Wun (U Nyan Soe), Peter Wun (U Htin Kyaw, former President of Myanmar) and Rosalind Wun (Daw Htar Cho)
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Categories: Pioneers

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