• Vinaya
  • Visit to Myanmar (See Post)
  • Visit to Ogmore-by-the-sea
  • Visit to Sheffield
  • Volunteer For Five Decades


There are 227 rules to be followed by Theravada Buddhist monks.

227 rules = 4 + 13 + 2 + 30 + 92 + 4 + 75 + 7

Offenses range from irremediable, heavy, …, light

(a) 4 Parajika Offenses :
heavy offense for which there is no remedy

  • Sexual act
  • Stealing
  • Killing any human being
  • [False statement about] supernormal attainment

penalty : ex-communication from the Sangha of monks

(b) 13 Samghadiesa Offenses :
heavy offense that must be dealt by Sangha meetings

Must undergo probation and penance imposed by the Sangha to receive rehabilitation

(c) 2 Indefinite rules :
no fixed penalties for the transgressions

However, there are procedures by which the Sangha may assess appropriate punishment

(d) 30 rules entailing expiation with forfeiture :
forfeit something as a penalty

(e) 92 rules entailing expiation [without forfeiture]

(f) 4 rules entailing confession

(g) 75 monastic rules of discipline :
minor precepts regulating the conduct of the novice or the monk

  • mode of dress
  • deportment
  • eating

(h) 7 dispute-settlements

Visit to Ogmore-by-the-sea

Best friend and Best man

  • Maung Maung Kyi is named after his parents : U Maung Maung (medical doctor) and Daw Kyi Kyi.
  • Eldest of eight siblings
  • Classmates at SPHS and I.Sc.(A)
  • My best friend
  • Scored the highest marks in Chemistry in the first ever High School Final (HSF) only examination in 1962
  • Stood 11th in Burma — with distinctions in Mathematics and Chemistry and high marks in the remaining subjects — in the Matriculation of 1963
  • Won Collegiate Scholarship of 75 kyats a month
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Top Matriculates in 1963
  • We attended I.Sc.(A) at Leik Khone
  • We rowed as crew mates at RUBC.
    We were runner-up in the Senior Novices at the Monsoon Regatta.
    We were awarded Full Green.
  • The Universities were closed following the first Anniversary celebration of 7th July.
  • Maung Maung Kyi and Kyaw Wynn accepted Scholarship to study Engineering in Germany
  • Maung Maung Kyi specialized in Pulp and Paper as part of his Chemical Engineering studies for Dip. Ing.
  • After his return, he worked for Sittang Paper Mill and PCIC.
    Found his soul mate Khin May Than (ChE72)
  • Was Best Man at our wedding in June 1973 along with my cousin U Thaung Lwin (EC66)


  • Maung Maung Kyi and Khin May Than moved to Wales, UK
  • Both their sons became Medical doctors.
  • Rimon, their elder son, became a Squadron Leader in the Royal Air Force (RAF)
    He led Rescue Teams.
    A few years back, they lost Rimon in an avalanche.
    RAF notified Maung Maung Kyi and Khin May Than who were on the way to visit Myanmar. They heard the sad news a short time after they had landed in Yangon, and had to hurry back to the UK for their son’s last journey.
  • After that, Maung Maung Kyi rarely spoke and smiled.
    Khin May Than painted and took walks twice a day to ease the aches and pains.
    Decided to move to Ogmore-by-the-sea.
  • Gave their old house to their second son, also medical doctor who had spent time in Japan and had come back to see his parents.

Trip to UK

  • In September 2017, we visited the United Kingdom.
    My previous visit was in 1972.
  • My cousin nephew Dr. Khin Tun (Peter) and his spouse Daw Win Mar hosted us with sumptuous dinner almost every day.
    They both loved cooking.
    They also drove us to Southern Wales to visit Maung Maung Kyi and Khin May Than at their new house at Ogmore-by-the-sea.
  • The short but memorable reunion brought back smiles to Maung Maung Kyi.
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Visit to Sheffield

  • In September 2017, I visited United Kingdom.
    It was my second visit to UK.
  • My cousin nephew Dr. Khin Tun (Peter) and Daw Win Mar hosted us at their house in Reading (40 miles from London).
  • We took a train to Sheffield to meet Peter’s younger brother Dr. Ye Myint, Daw San San Aye and their daughter Aye Sandar (Dental Surgeon).
  • My cousin sister Dr. Tin Kyi Win and her son Raymond drove to Sheffield to meet us.
  • We enjoyed the food cooked by YM, SSA and TKW.
  • They also took us to a Thai restaurant for dinner.
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Volunteer for Five Decades

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  • Served as Volunteer for various organizations (Professional, Social, Religious, Sports, Alumni) for five decades
  • Completed 21 years as Chief Editor of “RIT Alumni International”
    Posted thousands or email newsletters and/or blogs.
  • Helped organize World Wide SPZPs starting with SPZP-2000 in San Francisco, USA.
  • Wrote 64 “Count down to the Reunion” and 36 “Post Reunion” for SPZP-2000.
  • On behalf of the 69ers, thanked the sayas, sayamas, sponsors and attendees at the Golden Jubilee of Graduation on December 14, 2019 at the YTU Assembly Hall.
  • Wrote Preludes to every section in the 90th Anniversary Issue of RUBC in half an hour.
    Wrote three articles as Contibuting Editor for the Magazine.
  • Wrote 30+ “Memories of UCC” in three days (during my visit to Yangon in 2018)
  • Wrote / revised 2000+ posts in in the hope of publishing books (soft copy and print)
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  • Have dumped my still reasonably good memory to pay back to my alma mater.
  • Attended PPBRS, SPHS, Leik Khone, RIT and UCC.
  • Taught at UCC, DCS and ICST.
  • Requested sayas, alumni and friends to help me with my journey.
  • Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint (SPHS60)
    Dr. Nyunt Wai (SPHS63)
    Dr. Khin Maung U (SPHS63)
    U Aung Myint (SPHS64, UCC)
    U Khin Maung Zaw (SPHS70, EC76)
    Some sayas (e.g. Sayagyi Dr. Aung Gyi)
    and alumni added value to my posts with insightful comments
  • Know only a fraction of sayas and alumni
    But I know them with reasonable detail
  • Am a Jack of All Trades and Master of Some.
    There are many areas of knowledge that I do not know. |
    But I know a few areas with reasonable detail.
  • Am grateful to my ancestors who are philanthropists.
    They led by example.
    They donated cash and kind for hospitals, schools, religious and social institutions.
    Cannot donate a fraction of what they did in cash, but I have donated my time and energy.
  • Am grateful to my “Let Oo Sayas”.
    My beloved father said, “Any thing that is worth doing is worth doing well.”
    My beloved mother said, “Eyes have you and you see not. Ears have you and hear not”.
    Without their unbounded love, support and exhortation, I would not be where I am today.
  • “If one can dream, others can fulfill.”
    It was true of Jules Verne.
  • Had two of my dreams fulfilled :
    (a) to get the sayas and alumni get connected and re-connected electronically and physically
    (b) to pay back the metta and cetana of our mentors via SPZP.
  • Latest dream is to implement “Written and Oral History”
  • Hope that amateur and professional folklorists / historians can massage my posts into readable books and references.

Categories: Notes

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