P : Notes

  • Paritta
  • Parents (See Post)
  • Parody
  • Pay Scales
  • Pen Names
  • Playing Cards
  • Political Science
  • Programs for Checkers / Chess / Go
  • Pu Zaw Pwe (See SPZP)


  • Paritta is usually rendered as “Protective Verse”.

Early Texts

  • Hanthawaddy and Thudhammawaddy published early Paritta texts edited by Pali experts (e.g. Saya Phyay, U Pan Maung).


  • The Ministry of Religious Affairs published the standard version of 11 Pairtta Suttas, and the comprehensive version of 30+ Suttas (including the 11 Paritta Suttas).
  • The Suttas were approved/re-affirmed at the Sixth Buddhist Council.

Pali and Translation

  • Paritta texts with Pali and English translation were compiled and /or edited by Sayadaw U Silananda and Sao Htun Hmat Win.
  • Paritta texts with Pali and Burmese/Myanmar translation were compiled/edited by Sayadaw U Ayethaka, Dhammacariya U Soe Win, and Dhammacariya U Kyaw Lin.

Comprehensive Treatment

  • Comprehensive treatment of Paritta had been done by Thabyekan Sayadaw, and Sayadaw U Jotilankara.

Mon Version

  • Used to own a copy of a Pariita (Burmese and Mon version) given by the Dat Paung Zone Aung Min Gaung Sayadaw U Thilawunta.
  • Based on the Mon manuscripts. One difference is in the “last” Sutta.
    The Mon version has two major sections:
    one for chanting in the morning and
    one for chanting in the evening/night.

Schedule for Recitation

  • Customary for the Burmese Buddhist monks to recite all the 11 Suttas daily.
  • A recommendation for the lay people is to break up the 11 Suttas into seven groups, and chant a group per day.
  • The 11 Suttas will then be covered every week.


  • The Paritta verses by the various Sayadaws
    Mingun Tipitaka Sayadaw,
    Taung Tan Thatanapyu Sayadaw,
    U Silananda,
    Kyar Ni Kan Sayadaw,
    Aung San Tat Oo Sayadaw,
    Las Vegas Sayadaw U Zeya)
    are available as CDs.
  • Some (if not all) can be found at dhamma web sites such as and
  • YouTube has a collection of Paritta recited by Myanmar, Sri Lankan, and Thai monks.

Forms of Pali

  • Pali is rendered in Romanized form (for international use) and in native versions (Myanmar, Sinhali, Thai, …).
  • Example:
    Lay people and most monks in Myanmar will say “Git sar mi”.
    Lay people and most (if not all) monks from Sri Lanka and Thai will say “gacchami”.
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is paritta-pali.jpg


I Love You Because (Parody by Hla Min)

  • Many years ago, I wrote a parody.
  • I love you because” (sung by Jim Reeves) was one of the hits played by Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS).
  • I wrote a light version of the song.
  • I did not have a Home Minister at that time to edit or veto it.

I love you because (Lyrics)

I love you
because you always stand dear
every time I opened up the door
You’re always there
to help me eat my jam dear
I love you more
because you never snore.

No matter
When you’re sleeping or awake dear
You’re pretty
as the craters on the moon
I love you
every minute of the hour dear
Because you said
You’d cry
beside my tomb

I love you
because my pocket’s lighter
every time you shop
around the town
I love you
because you’re a great fighter
But you promised
you would never
knock me down

Take These Chains (Parody by Hla Min)

  • Take these chains” was a song that was played often by BBS.
  • Thamankyar Ko Myint (Mn70) sang a Burmese song using the tune.
  • I tried to parody the song.

Take these chains (Lyrics)

Take these chains from my legs and set me free
And the rope that ties me to this tree
If you really pity me
let me drink a glass of Zee
Take these chains from my legs and set me free

I’m charged with murder of a tiny, little flea
“Cruel” said the judge and he would not hear my plea.
So, if you really pity me
let me sip a cup of tea
Take these chains from my legs and set me free

Take this scarf from my eyes and let me see
If your waist still measures twenty three
When I’m free I’ll marry you
Even barrel shape will do
Take these chains from my legs and set me free

Lost Neikan RIT (Parody by U Myat Htoo)

  • U Myat Htoo wrote a parody on “Pyauk Sone Nay Thaw Neikban Bon” (the song by Sai Kham Leik and Sai Htee Saing).
  • Played the Ukelele and sang the song at the 2015 Alumni Reunion in Los Angeles.
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is lost-neik-ban.jpg

Pay Scales


  • SS — Starting Salary
  • AI — Annual Increment
  • MS — Maximum Salary (aka Bar Sone)
  • CLA — Cost of Living Allowance

Tutor (for non-Science Departments)

  • Pay scale : 200 – 10 – 300
  • With CLA, starting pay is 200 + 97 = 297 kyats
  • Lecturing Tutor gets an additional 100 kyats
  • Ad hoc Tutor gets 100 kyats

Demonstrator (for Science Departments)

  • Same pay scale as Tutor

Assistant Lecturer (AL)

  • Pay scale : 350 – 25 – 700
  • With CLA, starting pay is 350 + 89 = 439 kyats
  • Is a Gazetted Officer


  • Old pay scale : 800 – 50 – 1200
  • No CLA, but has access to staff shop
  • Can spend 10% of salary at the staff shop


  • Pay scale : 1300
  • No CLA, but has access to “staff shop”
  • May be eligible for a house in the Campus


  • Pay scale : 1500

Gazetted Officer

  • Assistant Lecturers and above are Gazetted Officers.
  • Details (promotions, transfers, vacation) are recorded in the Gazette.


CLA was abolished.

New positions and scales were introduced.

  • A hybrid system (Professor, Associate Professor and Lecturer) was adopted instead of the more common system (Professor, Associate Professor and Assistant Professor)
  • Engineering Instructor: 450 – 25 – 700 [“new” position]
  • Assistant Lecturer: 450 – 25 – 700 [“new” scale]
  • Lecturer: 800 – 40 – 1000 [“new” scale]
  • Associate Professor: 1000 – 50 – 1200 [“new” position]


Gazetted officer : 450 scale & above

The pay raises could not keep up with the rising cost of living.

Promotions take considerably longer.

  • In the early days, engineering graduates joined the Faculty of Engineering as Assistant Lecturers.
    In the later days, engineering graduates have to serve as Instructors before they become Assistant Lecturers.
  • In the early days, a Lecturer can get promoted to Professorship. In the later days, a Lecturer gets promoted to Associate Professor.

The Public Services Commission (PSC) took charge of the appointments of government employees.


In the old days, a University is a collection of Colleges. Most departments have a Professor, who also served as Head of the Department. Some departments were headed by Lecturers and even Assistant Lecturers.

There are now some Universities in Myanmar that do not have multiple Colleges. Some departments have several Professors.

There are some private Universities.

Pen Names

  • Maung Ngwe Hlinne / Saya U Thet Lwin (Registrar).
  • Tekaktho Moe War / Saya U Moe Aung (EE63).
  • Kogyi Kaung / Saya Dr. Koung Nyunt (A67, GBNF)
  • Yin Maung / Saya Dr. Taing Oke (ChE69)
  • Chi Hte Nu Nu Kyaw / Ko Kyaw Htin (T69).
  • Mon Yu / Ko Tin Htut (Harry, M69).
  • Maung Hmut / Ko Khin Maung Aye (M69).
  • Maubin Ma Shwe Than / Ma Than Yi (EP70).
  • Zin Yaw / Ko Zaw Win (Min71).
  • Okkpo Maung Yin Maung / Saya U Aung Myaing (ChE72)
  • Ba Thein (Atlanta) / Dr. Myint Thein (M73).
  • Maung Yit / Ko Maung Maung Win (EC93)

Playing Cards

A deck of cards has 52 cards.


There are four suits :

  • Clubs (Black)
  • Diamonds (Red)
  • Hearts (Red)
  • Spades (Black)

Each suit has 13 cards : One (or Ace), Two (or Deuce), Three (or Trey), Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten, Jack (or Knave), Queen, King.

Grapevine says that

  • the four suits correspond to the four seasons or four quarters
  • the 13 cards in a suit correspond to the number of weeks in a quarter
  • the 52 cards in a deck correspond to the number of weeks in a year
  • the two colors correspond to Ying and Yang

Political Science

  • During our RIT days, we did not have to study Political Science.
  • Some of our juniors had to study Political Science.
  • I know three sayas who taught Political Science.

U Nyein Aung

  • He taught Political Science at RIT.
  • He was among the sayas from the Supporting Departments, who were invited to attend SPZP-2007 in Singapore.
  • He was surprised when I mentioned that I had read his articles written in a Veda magazine.
  • One of his pen names was “Aung Nyein Oo (or U)”, which is the reverse of his real name.
  • He also wrote as “Saya Beda”. He studies and practices astrology, palmistry, numerology, and Tarot cards.
  • He also said, “Since you know a lot about people and their names, you should try working for projects that can benefit by your skills.”

U Tha Din

  • He taught Political Science at RIT.
  • He is a close friend of Aye Ko, a member of RUBC.
  • I met him at a SPZP-2012.

U Khin Aung Bo (GBNF)

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is veda-2.jpg
U Khin Aung Bo (second from right)
  • He is a B.Ed.
  • He was recruited to teach Political Science.
  • I first met him at BARB (Burma Astro Research Bureau).
  • He is the President of MARB (Myanmar Astro Research Bureau).


  • LSE is known for Economics.
  • Several Burmese studied Economics at LSE.
  • LSE also teaches Political Science.
  • Its full name is the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Ideologies and Theories

  • There are several Ideologies (e.g. Capitalism, Socialism).
  • Most are ideal on paper and not so ideal in practice.
  • The choice of “Burmese Way to Socialism” had dire consequences on the nation. Burma lost its status as the “Rice Bowl of Asia” and the envy of neighboring nations to be ultimately designated as LDC (Least Developed Country).



  • Private Primary Boundary Road School (PPBRS)
  • Located at 109 Boundary Road.
  • Founded by Daw Tin Tin Aye.
    She was succeeded by her younger sister Daw Khin Khin Aye (Teacher Ah Mar) as Principal.
    Daw Yi Yi (second sister) taught Infant (A) / Higher KG.
  • The school was renamed Private Boundary Road School (PBRS) after it opened classes for Middle School and High School.

Daw Khin Khin Aye / Teacher Ah Mar

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is u-kyaw-zaw-daw-khin-khin-aye.jpg
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is daw-khin-khin-aye.jpg
  • Siblings : Daw Tin Tin Aye, Daw Yi Yi, U Thin Tu
  • Spouse : U Kyaw Zaw
    Studied Motion Pictures Industry as a States Scholar in the US
  • Children : Thane Myint, Kyaw Thein, Mo Mo
  • Taught at PPBRS
  • Became Principal
  • Extended the school to teach Middle School and High School
  • School was renamed PBRS
  • After nationalization, Sayama worked as Township Education Officer for Bahan


Most students were from nearby places :

  • Windermere
  • Inya
  • Golden Valley / Lowis
  • Myenigone
  • San Chaung

Among the alumni are

  • U Tin Maung Thant (son of UNSG U Thant)
  • Francis Ohn Maung (son of Arzani U Ohn Maung)
  • Dr. Flora Aye and Shirley Aye
  • Kun Lone family (Bonzo, Bonnie, Ruby, Pearl)
  • Elizabeth Kyaw Tun (Ph.D. in English, daughter of Saya U Kyaw Tun)
  • Kenneth San and Margaret San (moved from Taung Gyi)
  • Daw Pyone Khin (daughter of U Ba Yoke)
  • My siblings and cousins
  • A1 Family Members

A1 Family Members

The movie pioneers in Burma include four brothers :

  • A1 U Tin Nwe
  • U Nyi Pu
  • U Tin Pe (Maung Maung Soe)
  • A1 U Tin Maung

A1 was earlier known as “Myanmar Ah Swe“.

U Tin Nwe and Family

  • U Hla Bu (son-in-law of U Tin Nwe)
    Children : Margie (Ma Aung Si), Stanley (A1 Than Htut), Freddie (A1 Thein Htut, Sat Su), Bobby (Aung Myint, Thamankyar Ko Myint), Sai Wunna
  • U Thein Zaw (actor)
  • U Hla Myo (who directed several movies with Nyunt Win)

U Nyi Pu and Family

  • Founded Ma Weik Za Do Films (which produced “Thamankyar”).
  • Daughter attended PPBRS.
  • Sayamagyi Daw Khin Khin Aye (Teacher Ah Mar) supported her former students to direct and produce “Thamankyar“.
    Twin brothers Than Htut and Thein Htut were Directors.
    Toe Nyunt, Aung Myint and Wunna were Actors.
    Than Win was the script writer.

U Tin Pe (Maung Maung Soe) and Family

  • Actor, Director and Producer
  • Son-in-law : U Maung Maung has his own Studio
  • U Maung Maung’s children : Rosalind (Ma Pyi Aye), Richard, Glory (Khin Than Nu)

U Tin Maung and Family

  • Was Actor before he turned Director and Producer.
  • Daughter : Phyllis

Extended Family

  • U Tin Yu (nephew, son of U Tin Nwe’s sister)
    Children : Zelma Yu, Zaw Min Yu, Zin Thi Yu
    Half-brother : Kyaw Hein
  • Daw Marlar Myint
    Brother : U Tin Yu
    Spouse : U Mya Maung
    Children : Peggy, Winnie (Win Mar), Ted (Toe Nyunt). Rose-belle (Sandar, Sar Oo), Mya Zaw

Since A1 extended family is huge, I do not know some members.

  • Ma Pyi Aye graduated in 1966 with Architecture.
  • Aung Myint graduated in 1970 with Mining Engineering.
  • Than Win graduated in 1970 with Textile Engineering.
  • Win Mar won the Academy Award for her role in “Pho Pyone Cho”. She became a doctor, and did not pursue a career in movies.
  • Sar Oo won the Academy Award for her role in “Hne Hmar Ah The”.
  • Toe Nyunt became known as “Shwe Gaung Byaung”.
  • Thein Htut became known as “Sat Su”.
  • Aung Chein, nephew of U Hla Bu, was selected Luyechun. He graduated in 1972 with Mechanical Engineering.

Other PPBRS Alumni

  • Myat Hla Sein and Chit Mya Sein (children of U Chin Sein)
  • Myo Set (son of Thar Gaung Gyi)
  • Han Tun (SPHS63, DSA) and his siblings
  • Nay Win (MEHS63, M69)

P.B.R.S Group

A Facebook Group for PBRS Alumni is maintained by Aye Maung Than and Mya Hlaing.

Programs for Checkers / Chess / Go

Checkers Program

Arthur Samuel (IBM) was not a renowned Checkers player, but he developed a system (algorithm and data base) to play against human opponents (with rising level of competence). His program remembered “bad” moves and “good” moves. Over time, the program was able to beat a reasonably good Checkers player.

It was one of the early projects for Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Chess Programs

Deep Blue was developed by IBM to compete against Gary Kasparov, World Champion in Chess.

Chess has many more possible moves than Checkers, but IBM hired three Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) graduates who developed Deep Thought (Computer Chess Champion that outplayed other chess programs). One graduate designed and implemented a special chip capable of fast multi-level pruning. The other two, who are knowledgeable in Chess, helped with the software (e.g. database of games and strategies).

Computer History Museum (CHM) had an exhibit on the evolution of Computer Chess and a panel discussion including AI experts and Computer Chess Pioneers.

Go Programs

The complexity of “Go” — which surpasses that of “Chess” — challenged AI researchers (e.g. Deep / Machine Learning) to develop “Go” systems capable of beating experienced human players.

Categories: Notes

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