D : Notes

  • Dana
  • Days
  • DCS (See Post)
  • Deep
  • Definitions
  • Dhamma Publications / Archive
  • Doctors (See Post)
  • Paulian Doctors (See Post)
  • DSL


  • Dana may stand for offering, alms, and donation.
  • Dana transcends religion and culture.

For Buddhists

  • Dana provides opportunities to gain kusala (wholesome deeds) before, during and after the offering.
  • One can share merits when performing a Dana. One can rejoice past Dana and gain merits.
  • Dana may be performed anonymously, privately or publicly. Dana may be performed daily or on specific occasions (e.g. sabbath, birthday, anniversary).

Dhamma Dana

Individuals, groups and organizations offer free books and CDs covering dhamma talks. They include :

  • Dhamma Download web site
  • Triple Gems Publications
  • Tathagata Meditation Center (TMC)

An old saying states, “Dhamma Dana excels all Dana”.

Double Dana

  • Sayagyi U Ba Than donates the Garwara Money that he received from the SPZPs and alumni back to Charitable Organizations.
  • During one my visits, I witnessed the donation of One Lakh Kyat each to ten organizations.
    They include : Bo Bwa Yeik Tha, Little Sisters for the Poor, School for Deaf and Dumb, School for the Blind, U Hla Tun Foundation, Nar Yay Ah Thin.

Pyinnya Dana

It may stand for offerings made for the advancement of education (of the people and the society).

There are different forms of Pyinnya Dana. They include :

  • Sponsoring scholarships (e.g. NorCal RITAA provide some financial assistance to eligible YTU students with the help of RITAA.)
  • Donating to the “YTU Library Modernization”
  • Sharing of experience, knowledge and wisdom

Health Care

Swel Daw Yeik Foundation (SDYF) provides some financial assistance to eligible sayas and sayamas for Hospitalization and Frequent visits to the Clinic.

Cash and Kind

RIT Ah Nu Pyinnya Shins donate to the various noble causes (e.g. SPZP, Shwe YaDu, YTU Library) in cash and kind (e.g. paintings, cartoons).


Solar Day

  • A solar day consists of 24 hours
  • 7 days in a week
  • 28 – 31 days in a month
  • 365 days in a Common Year
  • 366 days in a Leap Year

Days in a month

  • February has 28 days in a common year, and 29 days in a leap year.
  • April, June, September and November have 30 days.
  • January, March, July, August, October and December have 31 days.
  • January : 31
  • February : 28 (or 29)
    February is the shortest month in the year with 28 days in a Common Year and 29 days in a Leap Year.
  • March : 31
  • April : 30
  • May : 31
  • June : 30
  • July : 31
  • August : 31
  • September : 30
  • October : 31
  • November : 30
  • December : 31

Days in a year

  • A common year has 365 days, while a Solar year has 365.2422 days.
  • A year which is not a Century year is a Leap Year if it is divisible by 4. The discrepancy of .9688 days is rounded up to a day.
  • A year which is a Century year is a Leap Year if it is divisible by 400. This ensures that there are 97 leap years in four centuries.


  • February initially had 30 days, but one day each was transferred to July (honoring Julius Caesar) and August (honoring Augustus Caesar) to have 31 days in those months (worthy of Roman Emperors).
  • February was left with 28 days.
  • Ripley’s “Believe it or not” illustrated a grave stone which had February 30.

Special Days

We were aware of

  • Father’s Day
  • Mother’s Day
  • Labor Day
  • Christmas
  • Easter
  • Thanksgiving
  • Independence Day
  • Presidents’ Day
  • Valentine’s Day


For a long time, we were not aware that some special events are celebrated on different days (depending on the country and religious order).

  • Most Christian denominations celebrate according to the Gregorian Calendar.
  • The Orthodox Church celebrate Christmas and Easter according to the old calendars (e.g. Julian).
  • The Theravada Buddhists celebrate the Full Moon Day of Kason as the “Thrice Blessed Day”.
  • The Mahayana celebrate the events (Birth, Enlightenment, Maha Parinibbana) on dates different from those of Theravada Buddhists.

Some Thoughts

We later learn about

  • Kabyar (Poem) Nay
  • Myat Saya (Teacher) Nay
  • Secretary Day
  • Friend Day
  • Pi Day

Some wonder why there is no Grandfather’s Day, Grandmother’s Day or Grandparent’s Day.


  • Not all special days and events are holidays.
  • Even among holidays, there are Public Holidays, State Holidays, and Bank Holidays.
  • There may be good reasons (social, commercial) for having the designated days.


For us, every day is Thanksgiving (time to repay to our parents and mentors for their unbounded love and care).

Adeline Hpyu Hpyu Aung wrote :

Yes Saya. We should be thanking God, Parents and teachers everyday, without them we will not be who we are.

KMZ wrote :

My left brain at times over-analyzed many of these days. 😉 Many of these holidays are the work of “Holiday Industrial Complex’.

As Ma Adelyne Hpyu Hpyu Aung posted, some of these days like Mothers’ Day/Fathers’ Day should be 365 days a year, not necessarily just the designated day a year.

Believe it nor not there also is a ‘National Splurge Day’ which is June 18th. US Congress eventually passed a law to stop creating those days.



  • Deep is an Indian word meaning Light.
    The extended meaning is Wisdom.
  • Several Indian names have “Deep” (e.g. Deepak).
  • Deepavali is the Indian Festival of Lights.
    Some call it Diwali.
    During our younger days, some Hindu friends would give us Indian sweets as part of their Diwali celebrations.


  • We express the depth of a physical object or an idea as “Deep” or “Shallow“.
  • In computer applications, we use “Deep copy” of “Shallow copy” of objects.

Deep Thought (CMU)

  • Deep Thought was a Chess Machine (hardware and software) developed by Ph.D. students at CMU (Carnegie Mellon University).
  • One Ph.D. student designed and implemented a special purpose chip to implement multi-ply search.
  • Two Ph.D. students, who are Chess experts, designed and implemented the algorithms to play championship level chess.
  • Two more Ph.D. students provided feedback and assistance.
  • Deep Thought beat the competitors to become World Computer Chess Champion.

Deep Blue (IBM)

  • IBM (International Business Machines) recruited the three of the five Ph.D. graduates (who worked on Deep Thought) to develop Deep Blue and challenge Gary Kasparov (World Chess Champion) to a Best-of-five match.
  • Kasparov prevailed in the first encounter, but made a costly error — a prime example of “To err is human” — to lose in the second encounter.
  • IBM made intensive preparations.
    It hired several Grand Masters for studying Kasparov’s games and techniques.

Deep Learning

  • Deep Learning is an advanced form of Machine Learning.
  • It has become a core subject in AI (Artificial Intelligence) courses.

Deep sleep

  • There are numerous studies about Sleep and Insomnia.
  • Most people need about seven hours sleep.
  • Sleeping more than eight hours may be detrimental to one’s well being.
  • The quality of sleep (e.g. Deep sleep) is important.



  • one who looks at the bright side of things
  • sees a glass as half full
  • treats challenge as an opportunity


  • one who looks at the dark side of things
  • sees a glass as half empty
  • does not embrace challenge


  • one who performs a reality check
  • asks if water has been poured in or out before deciding the degree of fullness or emptiness
  • determines which challenges are worthwhile (e.g. give a good ROI [Return On Investment]
  • appreciate the “Prayer of Acceptance”
    “Grant me the power to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can and the wisdom to know the difference

Dhamma Publications / Archive


Many monasteries have libraries with texts in Pali, Burmese/Myanmar and English. Some have index the library collection.

It’s difficult if not impossible simply to read [all] the books [in a library].

Libraries in Monasteries (Northern California)

  • Dhammananda Vihara, Half Moon Bay
  • Kualakari, Fremont
  • Mettananda Vihara, Castro Valley
  • Mudita Shwe Kyaung, Hayward
  • Tathagata Meditation Center, San Jose

Training and Teaching Centers

Mingalar Byu Har, Dhamma Byu Har, Dhammacakka Society, Pathan Sar Thin Taik, … and the various training and teaching centers have helped sustain, promote, and propagate Sasana.

Theravada Canon

Theravada means “Way of the Elders”. At the First Buddhist Council and at the subsequent Councils, the sacred texts are reaffirmed. The Teachings are not added, deleted, or modified.

Burma/Myanmar hosted the Fifth and Sixth Buddhist Councils.

Sayadaw U Silanandabhivamsa initiated two projects: one to digitize the marble slabs inscribed during the Fifth Buddhist Council in Mandalay, and the other to compile a CD of the Tipitaka texts that were re-affirmed at the Sixth Buddhist Council in Rangoon/Yangon.

The Pali-Myanmar Tipitaka Dictionary was compiled under the guidance of the Sayadawgyis (e.g. Mahasi Sayadaw) and the [then young] Sayadaws (e.g. U Silananda). Myanmar translations of the Tipitaka texts were published by the Department of Religious Affairs.

Mahagandaryone Sayadaw U Janakabivamsa

Sayadaw wrote texts for both the sanghas and the lay people. They include

  • Ba Tha Thway
  • Yadana Gone Yi
  • A Na Gut Thar Tha Yay (Future of the Dispensation)
  • Ko Kyint Abhidhamma (Abhidhamma in Daily Life)
  • Shin pone shin kyint wut (rules for the samanera/novices)
  • The Illustrated History of Buddhism (with drawings by Sayagyi U Ba Kyi)

Dhamma Recording

Tape Recorders

In the 50’s and 60’s, the Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS) used mostly Ampex tape recorders for high fidelity.

The general public used less expensive brands such as Akai, Grudig and Sony for recording.

Sixth Buddhist Council

During the Sixth Buddhist Council (1954 – 1956), BBS broadcast the sessions where Mahasi Sayadaw served as the Questioner and Mingun Tipitaka Sayadaw served as the Reciter/Expositor.

The archives are being offered as dhamma dana in Audio CD and MP3 formats.

Kudos to those who are trying to preserve, practice, and propagate the Sasana (Teachings of the Buddha).

Teachings of Sayadaws

Individuals and organizations have provided access to their dhamma archives.

Sun Lun Sayadaw

Recordings (dhamma talks, kammavaca, …) of Myingyan Sun Lun Gu Kyaung Sayadaw U Kavi were made by his disciples. They can be downloaded from the Sun Lun web site.

Mogok Sayadaw

U Sway Tin and his team recorded 500+ talks of the Mogok Sayadaw U Vimala. They also transcribed the tapes for distribution as books. The advances in technology make possible the redistribution of the archives as Audio CDs, MP3s, and e-Books.

Dhammananda Sayadaw

Recordings of Sayadaw U Silananda (Abdhidhamma, “Words of the Buddha”, …, dhamma talks given at the meditation retreats) were made by his disciples at Dhammacakka Center, Theravada Buddhist Society of America (TBSA), Tathagatha Meditation Center (TMC), and Zen Buddhist Temple. Some works are available as Audio CDs, MP3s and books. I was honored to edit the dhamma talks (transcribed by Sayadaw U Osadha) before presenting them to SayadawU S ilananda for final review and editing. The book was published in 2003 by the Malaysian yogis organized by Pauline Chiong.

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TMC Publications

Tathagata Meditation Center

  • The Tathagata Meditation Center (TMC) was founded by the Vietnamese disciples of Sayadaw U Silananda.
  • TMC is located at 1215 Lucretia Avenue, San Jose, CA 95122
  • It’s web site is
  • Conducts about six long-term meditation retreats per year.
  • Offers two week-end retreats for months when there are no long-term retreats.
  • Holds summer classes : one for children and the other for young adults.
  • Published several books for Dhamma Dana distribution.
    They include teachings by Mahasi Sayadaw, U Pandita, U Silananda, and books to study Pali.


  • For the past few years, Sayadaw Dhammika-bhivamsa (Tharmanay Kyaw) taught Pali courses using selected Suttas to interested yogis to have an appreciation of Buddha’s teachings without delving into the details of Pali grammar.
  • The course materials were prepared by Som Tu (Director of TMC, Retired executive in Technology) under the guidance of Thamanay Kyaw Sayadaw.

Reference Books

  • I used to volunteer as Translator/Interpreter for Meditation Retreats at Tathagata Meditation Center (TMC).
  • Beelin Sayadaw U Pannadipa (then Resident Sayadaw at TMC, currently Padana Nayaka Sayadaw at Panditarama Shwe Taung Gone in Yangon) gave me the book “A Pali Myanmar-English Dictionary of the Noble Words of the Lord Buddha”.
  • The book was compiled by U Myat Kyaw (Myanmar Sar Ah Phwe) and translated into English by U San Lwin.
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  • TMC gave me the book “Buddhist Dictionary” by [Venerable] Nyantiloka.
  • It is subtitled “Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines“.
  • The first edition was published in 1946.
  • The third revised and enlarged edition was edited by [Venerable] Nyanaponika in 1970.
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  • U Hla Myint (former Sayadaw who had completed Dhammacariya and several monastic exams) gave me a PDF version of his manuscript “An Introduction to Pali” for study and review.
  • The book is available as Dhamma Dana distribution from TMC.
  • He studied Pali under the guidance of Mahagandayone Sayadaw U Jananabhivamsa (one of the greatest Pali scholars in the 20th century) and with the outstanding teachers U Vijaya-lankara and U Dhamika-bhivamsa (with pen name “Thamanay Kyaw”).
  • He studied English under the guidance of Sayadaw U Pandita-bhivamsa and with the eminent teachers such as U Aung Myat Thut, U Aye Maung and U Hla Maung.
  • He has written, translated and edited several books for TMC.
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Triple Gem Publications

Founder Members

  • U Harry Than Htut (Canada)
  • U Htay Aung (Victor, Australia)
  • Dr. Maung Maung Lwin (UK)
  • U Tin Htoon (USA)
  • Daw Tin Tin Myint (Emma, Singapore)

Sample Publications

  • Emptying the Rose-Apple Seat
    A day-to-day guide to Buddhist meditation methods as taught by a renowned meditation master
    by Aggamahapandita Bhaddhanta Dr. Rewata Dhamma
    Foreword by Joseph Goldstein
  • The Buddha’s Prescription
    A selection of talks and essays by Dr. Rewata Dhamma

Inward Path Publisher


  • Inward Path Publisher (IPP) is in Penang, Malaysia.
  • Aims at disseminating the noble teachings of Wisdom and Compassion of the Buddha to a wide segment of readers through the printing of Dhamma books and booklets.

Dhamma Dana

Inward Journey Books (free Dhamma books) include the following :

  • One Truth Only
    A Compilation of Passages from Mahasi Sayadaw’s discourses
  • The Way to the Happiness of Peace
    Understanding the Basics of Insight Meditation
    By Sayadaw U Pandita
  • Paritta Pali and Protective Verses
    A Collection of Eleven Protective Verses & An English Translation
    By Sayadaw U Silananda
  • Volition
    An Introduction to the Law of Kamma
    By Sayadaw U Silananda
  • No Inner Core
    An Introduction to the Doctrine of Anatta
    By Sayadaw U Silananda
  • Idriya
    The Nine Causes which Sharpen the Controlling Faculty of a Vipassana Meditating Yogi
    By Sayadaw U Kundala
  • Vipassana Bhavana
    Basic Principles of Mindfulness Meditation
    By Sayadaw U Kundala
  • Time and Priceless Treasures of Thabyekan Sayadaw
    Compiled by Tharmanay Kyaw

Triple Gems Publications, in collaboration with Suki Hoti Publications, have made available dhamma dana books. See the relevant postings.

Theravada Web Sites

Thanks to the websites (such as those listed below), the Teachings of the Buddha and His disciples can easily be studied, practiced, and propagated.

  • (Ko Kyaw Lwin and team)
  • (Dr. Maung Maung Lwin and team)
  • several other Theravada web sites


Dana Sri Lanka (DSL)

  • Dana Sri Lanka was co-founded by Sayama Daw Tin Tin Myint (Emma, “May Tin”, “Mae Daw Gyi”, ChE70).
  • DSL has provided financial assistance to Burmese monks studying in Sri Lanka.

Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)

  • DSL allows a relatively high speed Internet connection over ordinary copper telephone lines.
  • ASDL (Asynchronous DSL) is a variation of DSL.

Categories: Notes

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