Concept

Four Brahma Vihara

Update : April 2, 2020

Four Byamaso Taya

  • Metta
    Unbounded Love / Loving Kindness
  • Karuna
    Compassion
  • Mudita
    Altruistic Joy or Sympathetic Joy
  • Uppekkha
    Equanimity
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Metta

  • Pali term
    Written in Burmese as Myitta
  • Rendered as
    Unbounded Love
    Loving Kindness
  • One of the four Bhamaso Taya or Bhama Vihara (along with Karuna, Mudita, and Uppekha)
    
  • Practiced as a form of meditation
  • U Silananda‘s book on Protective Verses has a section on how to practice Loving Kindness Meditation.
  • Tipitaka Mingun Sayadawgyi recited the Two Methods of sending Metta.
    As mentioned in Metta Sutta
    Alternative: 528 “Metta” (13 x 4 x 12)
    They can be found on YouTube and CDs.
    
  • Metta Sutta” is one of the eleven Suttas in “Paritta Pali” (Protective Verses).
    Also known as Karaniya Metta Sutta
    Chanted at most Buddhist ceremonies.
  • Myitta is covered along with Thitsar (Truth) in Dr. Min Tin Mon‘s book “Myitta and Thitsar
  • U Thu Kha wrote a book on Metta Sutta.
  • U Jotalankara‘s book explains the 528 Metta.
    
  • A Physics teacher said, “Myitta So Dar Ah Hlyar Ah Nan Ma Shee Bay Mei Ah Thwar Ah Pyan Shee Bar Thay Dae.”
  • Metta is also used as a name or part of a name.
  • Metta is a Myanmar comedian.
  • Mettananda Vihara is a monastery in Northern California.
    Moved from Central Avenue, Fremont to Castro Valley.
  • Metta Vihari is an association that performs Chanting, and also offers food dana at selected gatherings.

Practicing Metta

By Way of LOCATION:

  • May I be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this house be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this area be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this city be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this country be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this world be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this universe be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings be well, happy and peaceful.

By Way of PERSONS:

  • May I be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my teachers be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my parents be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my relatives be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my friends be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May the indifferent persons be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May the unfriendly persons be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all meditators be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings be well, happy and peaceful.

Mettq Sutta

  • Third sutta in “Paritta Pali”
  • also referred to as Karaniya Metta Sutta
  • Desirable qualities of a Practitioner
  • Loving Kindness Meditation
  • Formal
    Translation from Pali into Burmese/Myanmar and English
  • Informal
    Books by Saya U Thu Kha and Saya Dr. Mehm Tin Mon

Chanting

Two ways (as per Mingun Tipitaka Sayadawgyi)

  • Referred in Metta Sutta
  • 528 “Metta” (13 x 4 x 12)
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Karuna

  • Pali term
  • Rendered as Compassion
  • One of the four Bhamaso Taya
  • Buddha is called “The Compassionate One”
  • Mahayana Buddhists emphasize the importance of Compassion
  • Sayadaw U Sobhana (GBNF) had four Indonesian siblings as his students.
    Named one of them Karuna.
    She was present at Sayadaw’s Last Journey.
  • U Moe Myint (M76) and several alumni are members of the “Karuna Ah Thinn” in Singapore.
    One activitiy is to help the needy for the Last Journey of their loved one.
  • We saw an outpouring of Karuna in the relief efforts for Disaster Recovery (e.g. Cyclone Nargis)

Mudita

  • Pali term.
  • Rendered as Altruistic Joy or Sympathetic Joy
  • One of the four Bhamaso Taya
  • One should feel joyful when one hears good news about others.

Practicing Karuna

  • May suffering ones be suffering-free
  • And the fear-struck fearless be
  • May the grieving shed all grief
  • And all beings find relief

Myanmar Mudita Sar Saung

  • Saya U Nyunt Htay (Met73) is Chief Editor
  • Contributor : Tekkatho Moe War (U Moe Aung)
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Upekkha

  • Pali term
  • Rendered as Neutral [Feeling]
  • Also translated as Equanimity
  • One of the four Bhamaso Taya

In a loose usage in Burmese, “Upekkha Shu” means “ignore”. It is not representative of the importance of Upekkha, which provides a balance of life and avoids the two extremes stated in the Dhammacakka Sutta

It is non-trivial to sense Upekkha while practicing Vipassana (Insight) Meditation.

Feelings may be be categorized as

  • Pleasant Feeling
  • Unpleasant Feeling
  • Non-Pleasant and Non-Unpleasant Feeling

Upekkha is synonymous with “Non-Pleasant and Non-Unpleasant Feeling”.

Categories: Concept

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