In Colonial Burma, the administration compiled “Than Kaung Sar Yin” (literally meaning “list taken at midnight”).

US Population Census

  • The US Population Census Data is compiled every ten years as mandated by law, but the census data takers do not visit houses at midnight.
  • The data is collected not only from US citizens, but from anyone who happened to be in the US (e.g. studying or working) at the time.
  • The data is to used mainly for planning (e.g. restructuring of voting areas) and not for storing personal details.
  • Census Bureau employee Herman Hollerith invented the electronic tabulator and punch cards for the 1890 US Census.
  • The company that Hollerith founded grew to become IBM (International Business Machines).


  • UCC computer and machines were used to process the Population Census Data in Burma in the ’70s.
  • Processing was done mainly with the FILAN software package.
  • Some low-level coding were done using PLAN (assembly language for the ICL 1900s series).

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