This is a compilation of Memories of UCC from (16) to (26).
Memories of UCC (16)
Saya Dr. San Tint (GBNF) graduated in 1961 and joined the EE (Electrical Engineering) Department. When EE Department formally split into EC and EP Departments, Saya became Professor of EC (Electrical Communications AKA Electronics Engineering). Saya is a staunch supporter of the UCC Project. Saya also served as External Examiner at UCC. Saya played on the RIT Saya Soccer team with Saya Paing, Saya Dr. Tin Win (M62), and Saya U Tin Maung Nyunt. Saya continued to teach at RIT after retirement. Saya suffered stroke and his right hand was paralyzed. He practiced writing with his left hand hoping that he will recover and continue teaching. Saya spent four decades (or so) teaching and passing the torch to the younger generation. Ko Hlaing Myint, Saya’s nephew, was with Saya in Saya’s final days.
Memories of UCC (17)
Saya was wrongly called as U Tint Swe, U Tin Shwe and U Tin Shwe Gyi. His correct name is U Tin Swe (GBNF). Saya graduated in 1953. Saya is one year junior to Saya U Sein Hlaing (Professor of Electrical Engineering, GBNF). Saya pursued his graduate studies in the US. Upon his return, Saya became a Lecturer. Saya was a member of the Prome Hall Football (Soccer) team which won the Inter-Hall Soccer Tournament for three consecutive years. Saya was a star player. U Chan Tha was Captain of the team and University First Eleven, and Past Captain & Gold of RUBC (Rangoon University Boat Club).
Saya was a Power User at UCC. He supervised Ko Aung Kyaw Pe (EP69) for his Master’s thesis. Saya worked with Power Distribution & Analysis programs. Saya also collaborated with his former students including Dr. San Oo (EP67). In the early days, there were few Professorships. Saya passed away before the creation of separate EC (Electrical Communications) and EP (Electrical Power) Departments.
Memories of UCC (18)
Saya Thein, Retired Rector, ICST, told several attendees of the 5th ICST/UCSY Acariya Pu ZawPwe that I was Generation Zero, Bo Htay was Generation One, and he was Generation Two. Saya was a fledgling tutor in the Mathematics Department in 1963 when we entered I.Sc. (A) class at Leik Khone. He was a top student in his Honors Class (1958 – 1962). Saya held Tutorial for the topics taught by Saya U Khin Zaw, Saya Choudry and Sayama Daw Khin Ma Ma. Saya Thein encouraged me. I was top among Science Option students of I.Sc. (A). We crossed our paths again when we (Saya TAG, U Soe Win (EC70) and I) visited Southampton University to see Saya Paing and Saya Zaw. Saya Thein was doing his Ph.D. Saya is an expert on Differentiable Manifold (and related topics). Saya Zaw and Saya Thein joined us to see Stonehenge, Salisbury Cathedral, and Safari (with wild animals roaming). As Saya Chit’s assistant and general hand, I worked on several projects with the Saya Thein and several other Mathematics sayas. Saya became Principal of Sittwe College. Saya succeeded Saya Dr. Tin Maung as Rector of ICST.
U Soe Win
He joined UCC as Engineer. He was sent to UK for ICL training and to US for PDP training.
He and his team implemented the Burmese font for the Calcomp graph plotter. He is the second son of U Thein Maung (“Htin Lin”, winner of National Literary Award). His elder brother U Soe Myint (Chief Editor of several publications, GBNF) is the father of KMZ’s spouse. His younger brothers are U Kyaw Zaw (EC71, GBNF) and KZ. He transferred to PTC. He and his spouse founded a private tuition school in Mawlamyaing (Moulmein).
Memories of UCC (19)
40th Anniversary Of UCC
The “40th Anniversary of UCC” was the Reunion of Staff, Teachers (Past and Present) and
Students. Daw Ngwe Tin, Aye Aye Myint and sisters, Maung Myint … were among the attendees. Saya Dr. Tin Maung (GBNF) was represented by Sayagadaw and Saya’s daughter. There was fun and laughter, music and dances, and good old memories.
Daw Khin Lay Myint joined UCC as Secretary and then worked as Admin Officer. She is now GBNF.
Soe Myint Gyi
Sunlun Kappiya (U Soe Myint, M72) joined UCC as Operator. He served as Shift Lead, expert in Mechanical Drawing and AutoCAD, and retired as Pro-Rector. He is also GBNF.
Ko Soe Myint came to see me during my last visit and shared his knowledge about U Lokanatha and Sayadaw’s financial support to buy the land for Kaba Aye Sun Lun Gu Kyaung. He gave me a “Chone Hte” (blanket for monk). On the fateful day, Ko Soe Myint made two trips to the Kaba Aye Sunlun Gu Kyaung monastery, because he forgot his donation on his first trip. He also visited his nephew and niece who need dialysis. May be because of his karma or because of the trips he tool that day, he passed away around 3 AM.
U Soe Myint’s elder sister is Tekkatho Shwe Yi Win (spouse of Saya Dr. Khin Maung Win (Mathematics)). Ko Soe Myint is the maternal uncle of Mg Mg Win AKA Maung Yit and Mi Mi Win AKA Junior Win.
Memories of UCC (20)
Names And Terms
Saya Chit => Dr. Chit Swe
Saya Paing => U Soe Paing
Saya Myo => U Myo Min
Saya Lay => U Ko Ko Lay
Saya Thein => Dr. Kyaw Thein
Saya Pyke => Dr. Pyke Tin
Saya Zaw => U Aung Zaw
Saya Tag => Dr. Tun Aung Gyaw
Bo Shoke => U Mya Thein
Ah Thay Lay => U Thein Oo
Pauk Si => U Hla Min (Co)
Saya DTM => Dr. Tin Mg
Bo Htay => Dr. Mg Mg Htay
KMZ => U Khin Mg Zaw
KZ => U Khin Zaw
MMG => U Mg Mg Gyi
Ah Leong => U Kyaw Zwar
Ah Ba => U Mg Mg Lay
Dobat Sayagyi => U Win Hlaing
Soe Myint Gyi => U Soe Myint (M72)
Sunlun Kappiya => U Soe Myint (M72)
Charlie => U Myint Lwin
Joe Thein => U Soe Thein
Joe Than => Dr. Soe Than
Judy => Daw Nwe Nwe Win
Ma Nge => Daw Nge Ma Ma Than
Japan Sayagyi => U Aung Hlaing
Ju Ju => Daw Tin May Lwin
Bei Gyi => U Sein Myint
Sin Gyi => Daw Sao Mon Sint
Sammy => U San Myint Thane
Boe => U Boe Ba Shan
Jaws => U Kyaw Zwa Than
K-cube => Daw Khin Khin Kyu
KLM => Daw Khin Lay Myint
KSM => U Soe Myint (Systems)
Gary => U Sein Myint Mg
Mu Mu => Daw Khin Aye Mu
AM => U Aung Myint
Silver => U Ngwe Soe
Byte => U Myint Soe
Bo Waing => U Win Myint (1)
Ah Shay Gyi => U Tin Ohn
Toe Toe => Daw Khin Toe Nyein
Ohn Thee => U Ohn Thwin
A => Architecture
ABAC => Assumption Business And Accounting College
AI => Artificial Intelligence
AKA => Also Known As
BRS => Boundary Road School
BS => Bachelor of Science
BSCE => BS in Civil Engineering
BSEE => BS in Electrical Engineering
CHM => Computer History Museum
CO => Chief Operator
COBOL => Common Business Oriented Language
Cobol => Common Business Oriented Language
CS => Computer Science
CSE => Computer Science Education
CSL => Control And Simulation Language
CSO => Central Statistical Organization
CT => Computer Technology
CTK => Children’s Treasury of Knowledge
DCS => Department Of Computer Science
DEC => Digital Equipment Corporation
EC => Electrical Communications
EE => Electrical Engineering
EP => Electrical Power
FILAN => File Analysis
FORTRAN => Formula Translator
Fortran => Formula Translator
GBNF => Gone But Not Forgotten
GEORGE => General Organizational Environment
GPCP => General Purpose Contouring Package
IBM => International Business Machines
ICT => International Calculators And Tabulators
ICL => International Computers Limited
ICL ETC => ICL Engineers’ Training Center
ICST => Institute Of Computer Science And Technology
ILA => Intelligence Level Aggregate
IT => Information Technology
M xx => Mechanical (Class Of xx)
MEHS => Methodist English High School
MIT => Massachusetts Institute Of Technology
MS => Master of Science
MSCE => MS in Civil Engineering
MSEE => MS in Electrical Engineering
OS => Operating System
Ph.D => Doctorate In Philosophy
PLAN => Programming For Nineteen Hundred
PPBRS => Private Primary Boundary Road School
PZP => Pu Zaw Pwe
RASU => Rangoon Arts And Science University
RU => Rangoon University
RUBC => Rangoon University Boat Club
RUESU => Rangoon University Engineering Students’ Union
SPHS => St. Paul’s High School
SPZP => Saya Pu Zaw Pwe
TTC => Teachers Training College
UBARI => Union of Burma Applied Research Institute
UCC => Universities’ Computer Center
UCSY => University Of Computer Studies, Yangon
UN => United Nations
UNDP => United Nations Development Program
UNESCO => UN Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization
UNV => United Nations Volunteer
Memories of UCC (21)
There were three people at UCC named Win Myint.
Win Myint (1)
Win Myint (1) aka Bo Waing aka U Win Myint Gyi was High School Luyechun (Outstanding student) from Myeik (Mergui). He was caught off guard when the then new Education System used the controversial ILA (Intelligence Level Aggregate) to determine the admission to the Universities and Institutes. He found himself studying Philosophy along with others who supposedly had “low” ILA scores. Instead of using the marks directly, the ILA uses a “distribution” of the marks for each subject and gives a score. The ILA system helped students with “balanced” marks. By having marks in the “top tier” for each subject, a student can get reasonably good score. But a student with “low” marks in one or two subjects (e.g. Burmese and English) would be penalized by the ILA system.
Philosophy is derived from Phil (love of) and Sophy (Wisdom). The highest degree is called Ph.D (Doctorate of Philosophy). It is ironic that students with “low” ILA scores were “forced” to major in Philosophy. Bo Waing is an exception. He was determined to pursue a challenging career. Since he wanted to learn and work with computers, he enhanced his typing skills for both English and Burmese. It was a requirement for the position of Secretary at the newly formed UCC. Grapevine says that Bo Waing’s interview at PSC (Public Services Commission) was fast and smooth. When he said, “I am Bet Thar (or similar meaning ‘I am from Beik (Mergui)’, the PSC Chairman who was from Beik “validated” Bo Waing’s appointment as Secretary. Bo Waing not only typed very fast, but he learned Computer Science quickly and proficiently. He became a programmer. Later Bo Waing joined Winner Computer Group as “Translator”. Kudos to Bo Waing for his tenacity and professionalism.
Win Myint (2)
He majored in Mathematics and received Masters. He worked at SLR (Surveyor of Lan Records) Department, before serving as an Applications Programmer at UCC. He worked overseas (initially as a UNV [United Nations Volunteer]).
Win Myint (3)
He operated the cyclostyle (Gestener). The UCC lecture guides were printed mostly on Sittaung (Sittang) paper and some on the Ye Ni paper.
Some may remember “Introduction to Computers”, “Introduction to Computer Programming”, and the various User Guides prepared by Saya Paing, Saya Zaw and me.
Memories of UCC (22)
IBM designed and implemented System/360. It uses the same “architecture” with a common “instruction set”. The “high end” models implement the instruction set using the “best available” hardware. The “low end” models implement the instruction set using firmware. 360 supposedly refers to the number of degrees in a circle. George Blauuw and Frederick Brooks Jr. explain the then “new” concepts (architecture, implementation, realization …) in their reference guides. Brooks led the development of both the computer systems S/360 and the operating system OS/360. He wrote a book, “The Mythical Man Month” (which became a classic). I attended a lecture at CHM (Computer History Museum) and requested some members of the S/360 development team to autograph the S/360 reference card.
IBM introduced System/370 in the 1970’s. Gene Amdahl, Architect for System/370, left IBM to form his company and produced Amdahl 470, which is “compatible” with System/370 and supposedly “better” than System/370.
Bidding For UCC Project
IBM was among the four computer companies that submitted tender for the UCC Project. It submitted a model of S/360. ICL (International Computers Limited) won the tender.
Memories of UCC (23)
ICT (International Calculators and Tabulators) evolved into ICL (International Computers Limited).
ICL 1900 Series
ICL 1900 series cover a range of machines : ICL 1901 to ICL 1907. The “basic” machines have “A” in the name, e.g. ICL 1901A. The “enhanced” machines have “S” in the name, e.g. ICL 1902S (the one used at UCC).
Computer And Peripherals
The following configuration was used at UCC. Some upgrades were made using the budget for “Population Census Data Processing” Project.
ICL 1902S computer with 2.5 D (dimensional) core memory and a console typewriter
Two ICL 2101 Card Readers
ICL 1933 Line Printer
Two ICL 2802 EDS (Exchangeable Disk Store)
Each controller controls two EDS 8 disks
Four ICL 2506 Magnetic Tape 9 track NRZI (Non Return to Zero Inverted)
The computer has piano-like keys for “bootstrapping” and for “testing”.
Some ICL computers use a 5-track Paper Tape Reader. There are pros and cons for using “punched cards” versus “punched paper tape”. Punched cards were used in the early looms and in the Hollerith Machines used for processing US Population Census Data. Hollerith founded a company, which evolved into IBM. Punched paper tape were used in the early transmission systems.
A flat bed CalComp Graph Plotter was added.
Three UCC engineers underwent training at the ICLETC (ICL Engineering Training Center) in Letchworth, United Kingdom.
ICL provided a “resident” engineer to maintain the computer system and a “resident” programmer/analyst to guide the system programmers and selected application programmers. Calcomp provided an on-site training for the graph plotter. Details can be found in the computer articles published by Saya Paing.
Memories of UCC (24)
OS For ICL 1900 Series
ICL 1900 series use GEORGE (General Organization Environment) O/S Operating System.
ICL1902S uses GEORGE-2.
Some other computers use GEORGE-3.
ICL1902S comes with several software packages.
Saya Zaw and team install the software and the patches (during the period reserved for them).
PLAN (Programming Language for Nineteen hundred series) is the Assembly Language.
FORTRAN (Formula Translator) and COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) are the programming languages used for scientific computing and business applications.
The language compilers detect for syntax and semantic errors and output a form that can be read by a “consolidator” or “linking loader”.
There are application software packages.
FILAN (File Analysis) is used for the processing of Population Census data.
CSL (Control and Simulation Language) is available for Discrete Event Simulation.
GPCP (General Purpose Contouring Package)
Details can be provided by Saya Paing, Saya Zaw, Bo Htay, and KSM.
Memories of UCC (25)
Analogy : Teach Fishing Rather Than Give Fish
To help “speed up” the computerization in Burma, Saya Chit mandated the “training and knowledge transfer” component in the UCC project. The component was awarded to Professor Harry D. Huskey (Past ACM President), who taught at University of California Berkeley (UCB) and University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC). Dr, Huskey is a computer pioneer, ACM (Association of Computing Machinery) Fellow, and CHM (Computer History Museum) Fellow. Details can be found in Wikipedia, ACM and CHM.
Dr. Huskey persuaded several top Computer Scientists and Educators to transfer their knowledge and expertise to UCC staff and students.
Learning From The Pioneers And Gurus
The following is a partial list of the experts provided by Dr. Huskey.
Professor Anthony Ralston (SUNY Buffalo & Past President of ACM) lectured on “Structured Programming” , “Structured FORTRAN) …
Professor Peter Wegner (Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island) lectured on “Formal Languages and Automata Theory” …
Dr. Malcolm P. Atkinson (Cambridge University Mathematics & Computer Lab) taught “Programming Languages”, “Data Structures”, …
Professor Forman Acton (Princeton University) lectured using his book, “Programs that almost work” with emphasis on Error Analysis
Professor Michael Stonebraker (UC Berkeley) lectured on RDBMS (Relational DataBase Management System) in general and INGRES (an early language for RDBMS) in particular. Michael Stonebraker, Eugene Wong and Gerald Held designed and implemented INGRES at UCB. They went on to found INGRES and several other DB companies. Stonebraker is currently affiliated with MIT. Stonebraker won the prestigious ACM Turing Award (“Nobel Prize” for Computer Professionals) a few years ago.
Impact Of The Lectures And Courses
Dr. Htay Lwin Nyo, Sai Aung Thurein, JAWS (Ko Kyaw Zwar Than), BEI GYI (Ko Sein Myint), … implemented projects (based on INGRES and other Databases) on ICL 1902S under the supervision of Saya Paing and several other sayas.
Memories of UCC (26)
Ken Olson and several other MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) alumni founded DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation). Grape vine says that there was a “protocol” in government departments to “purchase computer”. In order to circumvent that, DEC named their mini-computers as PDP (Programmable Digital Processors). CHM (Computer History Museum) has a PDP-1 on display. Retired DEC engineers “restored” a PDP-1. The exhibit has demos : one for play a “primitive” Space War game, another for “playing” music.
PDP-8 is a 12-bit mini-computer used in many universities of that period.
PDP-11 is a 16-bit mini-computer (that was acquired by UCC).
VT-101 (or similar) terminals became the “new” mode of entering and running programs.
DEC later introduced VAX (Virtual Address eXtended) series.
Gordon Bell was the VAX architect and co-author of the book using CMS (Computer Memory System) and “formal” methods to describe and evaluate computer systems. The artifacts that he collected for the book project were displayed in DEC as BCM (Boston Computer Museum) with Gwen Bell as the Curator. It later became CHM (Computer History Museum) in Mountain View, California.
Docent for CHM
I volunteered as a Docent for CHM for a couple of years. i had to explain to visitors about the early computers (including DEC and VAX machines). A few wanted to know “What is Silicon Valley?” and “What makes SV special?”
Some early Computer and Technology companies were founded on or near Route 66 in Boston, Massachusetts. Some factors and people (William Shockley, Frederick Terman) contributed to the birth of “Silicon Valley” in California instead of Massachusetts (which has alumni from MIT and Harvard).