The list is not exhaustive.

  • Dr. Mya Tu
    He is Founder-Director of Burma Medical Research Institute (BMRI) which later became DMR.
    He compiled the Magnum Opus with his spouse.
    He passed away in Australia.
  • Dr. Tin U
    Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint reminisced about his mentor, who initiated the study of Pediatrics in Burma as a separate discipline.
    Saya served as Medical Superintendent of Rangoon Children’s Hospital.
  • Dr. Mohan
    The photos of young and old Dr. Mona were posted by his daughter Mona.
  • Dr. Daw Khin Than Nu
    After retirement, Sayama moved to USA to be with her son.
  • Dr. Thein Toe and Dr. Htut Saing
    They were classmates and friends.
    Dr. Thein Toe worked at DMR.
    Dr. Htut Saing was known for his operation of the conjoined twins Ma Nan Soe and Ma Nan San, and for being an all round athlete.
  • Dr. Daw Kyin Yee
    She worked in Myanmar before following her spouse Saya U Kyaw Myint (M/Auto64) to Beijing where he was working for UN.
    She relocated to USA and volunteered for meditation retreats.
  • BMRI-DMR Researchers
    Dr. Nyunt Wai posted a photo of the then young researchers at BMRI and DMR.
  • Dr. Mya Thein
    Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint shared his memories about Dr. Mya Thein.
  • IM(1) Field Trip
    The local group insisted on having a friendly football match against the IM(1) students.
  • Dr. Khin Maung Gyi (Kevin)
    Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint forwarded me a copy of the poem by Dr. Khin Maung Gyi.
  • Magnum Opus
    Dr. Mya Tu, with the assistance of his spouse and the DMR statisticians, compiled “Who’s who in Medicine in Burma?”
  • Dr. Nyunt Thein
    He is an educator and writer. He proposed to have all parts of the MRCP examination to be held in Myanmar.
  • Dr. Aung Khin Sint
    He is a writer. He was ostracized for criticizing the Adhamma regime.
  • Paulians from the early and mid 60s
    Covers selected students from 1960 – 1965
  • Dr. Khin Maung U
    After retiring from FDA in the USA, he is writing and sharing medical reports.

Dr. Mya Tu

  • Dr. Mya Tu founded BMRI (Burma Medical Research Institute).
  • He and his spouse compiled Magnum Opus (“Who’s Who in the Medical Field in Burma”).
  • He passed away in Australia.
  • Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint read a brief biography of Dr. Mya Tu.
  • Dr. Thein Htut (RUBC Gold, son of Colonel Min Sein and Daw Yin May) gave a eulogy.
Dr. Mya Tu 1
Dr. Mya Tu 2
Dr. Mya Tu 3
Dr. Mya Tu 4

Dr. Tin U

Saya U Tin U was the pioneer of child health and paediatrics in Burma. He was the first Burmese doctor to pass the MRCP (Paediatrics), the first professor of Child Health, the first medical superintendent of the Rangoon Children’s Hospital, the first Principal of the postgraduate school of child health. He was the only Burmese Paediatrician to serve as WHO Professor of Paediatrics in India (Calicut) and Bangladesh (Dhaka).

Saya called our medical disciple as “child health” rather than Paediatrics as he would like to focus on keeping children healthy rather than looking after them when their are unwell. Saya pioneered the use of Oral Rehydration Solution for diarrhoea in children, setting up center for childhood malnutrition; standardization of treatment of Dengue Haemorhagic Fever. He authored seven books on child health, all of which went into multiple reprints and Saya was awarded the National Literary Prize (Ahmyo Thar Sapay Su). Saya also served as the Member of the parliament for Dagon Township for one term. Saya was the elder brother of Saya U Sein Win (RIT EE).

Dr. Mohan

Dr. Mohan served as Medical Officer in WWII (Second World War).

Dr. Mohan 

His daughter Mona T. Han wrote :

Thanks to all veterans, past and present. Here’s an old photo of my Dad, Major Dr. P. R. Mohan, who served in the Burma Army Medical Corps from 1939 – 1945 as a medical officer in Burma theater, and discharged as a Major at the completion of World War II.

He passed away in 2005. He was 88 yrs old.

Dr. Mohan and Dr. Daw Hnin Yi (Rosie)

Dr. Mohan and Dr. Daw Hnin Yi (Rosie) are remembered by several former students and colleagues.

Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint wrote :

I have told the story before but would like to share it again:

I was working under Ah Ba U Hla Myint when he was elected Fellow of the Royal College Edinburgh. When I went to congratulate Ah Ba, he said, “Saya Mohan is more senior to me as well as got MRCP before me. Let’s go and ask him whether we could help with nomination for him.”

I accompanied him to the Cardiac Ward. Saya Mohan was in his office. Ah Ba asked him whether he would like to be nominated. Saya Mohan’s answer “Ko Hla Myint, thank you kyundaw ya dar kyar be.” When Ah Ba asked why Saya Mohan had not changed the board with his name in front of his room, rubber stamp and on his letterhead, this time Saya Mohan replies, “It was too much of a bother to change them. I am working quite well just as I am”. Saya Gyi must be the only person among my teachers who would do that.

My admiration for him went up just by hearing his words.

Saya knew what he was and did not need more letters behind his name.

Dr. Thein Nyunt wrote :

Respect to Sayagyi Dr Mohan
For Aba and his successors : Profs U Mya Oo, UMMW, USN and me, we’ve to take it and put it as post nominal as Regional Adviser of RCP so that we can collaborate with RCP.
For myself, like Sayagyi UMO and Sayagyi UKM, I have to obtain FRCP from all (3) RCPs , not because I am too crazy for these , but to do business with all 3 RCPs for Total MRCP in Myanmar. It costs me a lot annually. My friends and students from USA suggested me to apply FACP many years back when I was HOD and Holders of 3 FRCP , but I didn’t do it because it will not do any good for our profession , just for me only.

Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint wrote :

I wrote about Sayagyi U Mohan because of what he said to Ah Ba. I hope you will not think that I say anything derogatory of all my Sayas and you with triple fellowships. I wonder whether you ever saw my name plate at Marsay Clinic. In Burmese just my name and “khalay kyanmaryae sayawun”. No pronominal nor post nominals.

Dr. Thein Nyunt wrote :

Yes . Saya . I knew and always tell my students about your name plate at Marsay Clinic.

Dr. Daw Khin Than Nu

Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint shared a photo of Dr. Daw Khin Than Nu (GBNF), pioneer of Neonatal Care in Burma/Myanmar.

Dr. Daw Khin Than Nu 

According to Dr. Thein Nyunt, Sayama regularly attended the IM(1) Saya Pu Zaw Pwes as the oldest sayama. Then, she left to visit her son Ko Win Htut in the USA.

Sayama passed away about three years ago. Ko Win Htut (who is an RIT alumni) gave a soon kwyay in her memory at Mettananda Vihara (then in Fremont, now moved to Castro Valley).

Dr. Thein Toe and Dr. Harry Saing

Dr. Thein Toe & Dr. Harry Saing 
  • The photo of Dr. Thein Toe and Dr. Htut Saing (Harry) was taken in Philippines in the 1970s.
  • The photo was provided by Daw Khin Thitsar, spouse of Dr. Thein Toe.
  • Dr. Thein Toe worked for BRMI (later DMR) before taking oversea assignments. He passed away in the UK.
  • Dr. Harry Saing was a Pediatric Surgeon at Rangoon Children’s Hospital of “Ma Nan Soe Ma Nan San” fame.
  • He taught and practiced at the University of Hong Kong.
  • He is a multi-sports athlete. He was a selection for the Faculty of Medicine, Rangoon University and/or Burma in Rowing (Past Captain and Gold of RUBC, ARAE Champion in 1958 and 1960), Hockey, Cricket, Soccer and Track and Field.
  • I wrote an article honoring him in the RUBC 90th Anniversary Issue.
  • He passed away in Hong Kong.

Dr. Daw Kyin Yee

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is u-kyaw-myint-sein-myint-walter-tan.jpg
  • Dr. Daw Kyin Yee is the spouse of Saya U Kyaw Myint (M/Auto64).
  • Saya had phone connection problems during his spouse’s final days and was not able to return phone calls and messages.
  • Since Daw Kyin Yee is a body donor for medical research, there was a private service for her.
  • There was a “La Lei Soon Kyway” (one month after demise) at the Dhammananda Vihara, Half Moon Bay, California.
  • He remembered U Sein Myint (EP69, Singapore), who is spending time with his daughter and grand daughter in California.
  • Walter Tan (M70) asked U Sein Myint if he remembered him playing Table Tennis at RIT with Stan Liou and his friends.

BMRI-DMR Researchers

Young researchers (BMRI- DMR)
L to R: U Aung Myint, Dr Htay Htay, Saya (Prof Mya Tu), Dr Myo Thein, U Ba Aye (statistician), Dr Pe Thaung Myint (sports medicine), Dr Htin Kyaw (physiologist).

Dr. Mya Thein

  • Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint shared his memories about another fallen comrade. The first one was about Dr. Myo Myint. The recent one was about Dr. Mya Thein (nicknamed “Win Oo” for his mustache and for appearing beside Win Oo in singing “Mee Pone Pwe”).
  • Dr. Mya Thein was barely fourteen when he passed the Matriculation examination in 1957. His parents pleaded with Saya Dr. Htin Aung (Rector, Ba Dwe of Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint). Sayagyi had returned the favor he received from the Principal of Rangoon College to let him (then underage) attend college.
  • Plan A failed when Dr. Mya Thein missed the cut to study Medicine by a couple of marks. Plan B succeeded when he passed the Bachelors examination with high marks overall (and especially 60+ marks in Biology) to be attend 2nd MBBS.
  • For details, read Dr. TOKM’s blog.
  • My cousin nephew Dr. Khin Tun (Peter, UK) posted the picture of his saya Dr. Mya Thein, sayagadaw and their grand child.

IM(1) Field Trip in the 60s

  • Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint (SPHS60) graduated from the Institute of Medicine 1 in 1967.
  • IM(1) medical students took a field trip.
  • They played a “friendly” football match where legs were hovering near the heads.
Field Trip of IM(1) Students 
  • The referee could not give “red cards” to spoil the match, and had to be contented giving out “yellow cards” and also be prepared to run away from the crowd once the match ended.
  • Despite having a reasonably good goal keeper, the IM(1) team lost by 8 goals. The locals graciously hosted a sumptuous dinner to brag their victory and hospitality.

Dr. Khin Maung Gyi (Kevin)

The Gardener

(A tribute to all teachers)

Let me introduce to our teacher
Who is also a guardian and preacher
Guiding and nurturing from a youthful age
To raise us up with a healthy image.

As soon as the morning bell tolls
He started his routine – heart and soul
Never does he skips a single day
Sickness and malady are kept at bay.

He may be tired, his voice may whimper
His zest and zeal, nothing gets dimmer
Never to be seen in fits or rage
Happy and contented on not so high a wage.

His loving kindness is like a mountain
Goodwill from him flows like a fountain
He looks after us as one of his own
His empathy towards us is very well known.

Hearing the success of his ‘daughters and sons’
He beams as though ‘a war was won’
He is now overjoyed and highly thrilled
His life seems to be thus fulfilled.


Editor’s Note : Thanks to Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint for sharing Dr. KMG’s poem.

Magnum Opus

  • Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint e-mailed me a soft copy of “Who’s Who in Heath and Medicine (in Burma/Myanmar)” (Second edition) .
  • It is the Magnum Opus of Professor Mya Tu and his wife Daw Khin Thet Hta.
  • There was an attempt to update it, but did not happen.

Dr. Nyunt Thein

Par Mauk Kha Thein” is the pen name of Professor Dr. Nyunt Thein.

Dr. Nyunt Thein gave his book as present to his former Saya Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint.

Dr. Nyunt Thein proposed to have all parts of the examinations for MRCP to be held in Rangoon and Mandalay.

Dr. Aung Khin Sint

  • Dr. Aung Khin Sint is a medical doctor with a passion for “Public Health”. He won the National Literary Award for his book on the “Awareness and Prevention of Diseases“.
  • He was a Deputy Director with the Ministry of Health.
  • He led protests in the 8-8-88 movement. He was vilified for his criticism of the “unconstitutional” proposals and for running as an MP for the NLD in the 1990 elections.

Paulians from the early and mid 60s

  • Dr. Thane Oke Kyaw Myint (SPHS60) was the top Paulian in his class, but the Brothers were disappointed when he missed the top five positions by a mark each. He founded the group “Alumni of the Institute of Medicine in Myanmar (Overseas)” and wrote about his mentors and other trail blazers.
  • Dr. Kyaw Win (Robin Ban, SPHS61) stood 2nd in Burma.
  • Dr. Khin Maung U (SPHS63) stood 1st in Burma. He was the first student to have almost perfect score in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics with 299 marks out of the possible 300. Grapevine says that one Chief Examiner gave him 100 and then reluctantly took back a mark.
  • Dr. Aung Win Chiong (SPHS64, USA) had the second highest “raw” score behind Dr. Cherry Hlaing and Dr. Lyn Aung Thet. He had a perfect ILA score of 50 and was admitted to IM(2) as Roll Number One. He is now retired. His spouse Dr. Winnie Tan is co-founder of USA Con-Bro Association.
  • Dr. Austin Sein Maung (GBNF), Dr. Paing Soe (retired Deputy Minister) and Dr. Yi Thwe (UK) were among the top students from SPHS65 (the last batch before Nationalization). Due to the rules, Bernard Khaw (who stood first in Burma) could not apply for professional studies and then left for USA and Canada.

Dr. Khin Maung U

Dr. Khin Maung U (SPHS63) has retired from the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). He is sharing news of some medical research.

The following is a sample :

KMU Medical Post #103: Less Sleep, More Risky Behavior in Teens

High school students who got less sleep on an average night were associated with an increased risk of unsafe behavior, including drinking and drug use, aggressive behavior and self-harm, according to data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

Prior research found that an average of 8 to 10 hours of sleep is ideal for adolescents, and that fewer hours can result in altered judgment and may negatively affect learning and development patterns, the authors said. But they found that other data indicated more than 70% of high school students average less than 8 hours of sleep per night.

This study collected data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey from February 2007 to May 2015. There were 67,615 total surveys in the data set. Of the participants, 48.8% were girls and the majority were white (58.4%), with 18.3% students reporting they were Hispanic or Latino, 12.4% black or African American, and 8.2% as “other race or ethnicity.”

The authors found that only 20,538 students (30.4%) reported getting ≥8 hours of sleep on an average school night. Moreover, the portion of students reporting <8 hours of sleep on an average night over the study period increased from 68.9% in 2007 to 71.9% in 2015, they said.

Compared with teens who slept ≥8 hours, students who slept <6 hours were more than twice as likely to report use of alcohol (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.84-2.19) or other drugs (OR 2.34, 95% CI 2.16-2.52), and nearly twice as likely to report getting into a fight (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.81-2.15), reported Matthew Weaver, PhD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

Additionally, those who slept <6 hours were more than three times as likely to report considering suicide (OR 3.12, 95% CI 2.85-3.41) or attempting suicide (OR 3.39, 95% CI 3.00-3.82) and more than four times as likely to report an attempted suicide that resulted in treatment (OR 4.24, 95% CI 3.53-5.10) compared to their peers who slept ≥8 hours, the authors wrote in JAMA Pediatrics. (Link: https://jamanetwork.com/…/jamapedi…/article-abstract/2703913)

Students who slept <6 hours were also more likely to engage in the following behavior than their peers who slept ≥8 hours:

• Risk taking while driving: OR 1.75 (95% CI 1.61-1.91)

• Tobacco use: OR 1.94 (95% CI 1.80-2.10)

• Risky sexual activity: OR 1.65 (95% CI 1.53-1.78)

• Carry a weapon: OR 1.95 (95% CI, 1.77-2.14)

Although these data do not show a causal relationship, the researchers did control for confounding factors such as age, sex, race/ethnicity, and year of survey.

“The most important thing is to enable students sufficient time to get the sleep they need,” Weaver said. “Although some factors are regulated by schools, parents can be cognizant of the timing of afterschool activities and homework to make sure students can achieve 8 to 10 hours before they have to wake up in the morning.”

But despite the factors Weaver and his team controlled for, persisting confounding variables may exist that lead to bidirectional associations. Other limitations cited by the authors include social desirability and recall bias, due to the self-reported nature of the data.


Dose-Dependent Associations Between Sleep Duration and Unsafe Behaviors Among US High School Students

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