Terms and Concepts

Population Census


  • The Colonial Administration compiled “Than Kaung Sar Yin” (literally meaning “list taken at midnight”).
  • UCC computer and machines were used to process the Population Census Data in Burma in the ’70s.


  • The US Population Census Data is compiled every ten years as mandated by law, but the census data takers do not visit houses at midnight.
  • The data is collected not only from US citizens, but from anyone who happened to be in the US (working, studying, …) at the time.
  • The data is to used mainly for planning (e.g. restructuring of voting areas) and not for storing personal details.
  • Census Bureau employee Herman Hollerith invented the electronic tabulator and punch cards for the 1890 US Census.
  • The company that Hollerith founded grew to become IBM.

Trademarks and Company Names

  • There are restrictions for registering trade marks.
  • There may be law suits to settle trademark violations.


  • Apple Computers was sued by Apple Music for trademark violations.
  • The judge decided that the name “Apple” was being used in two different industries. Little did he know that several decades later iTunes (owned by Apple Computers) would be playing the Beatles music (owned by Apple Music).


  • Google is an accidental misspelling of Googol.
  • Googol is one followed by 100 zeroes. It signifies a very large number.


  • iPhone is a trade mark owned by Cisco.
  • Apple had an agreement with Cisco to use it for its smart phones.


  • iPad is a trade mark owned by Fujitsu.
  • Apple had an agreement with Fujitsu to use it for its product.

Name change of products (to avoid Trademark violation)

  • NPL (New Programming Language) was renamed as PL/1 (Programming Language One) due to protest by NPL (National Physical Laboratory)
  • FOURTH was renamed as FORTH
  • PEARL was renamed as PERL


Old usage

In the early days, there were four Latin terms for former students

  • alumnus stands for a former male student
  • alumna stands for a former female student
  • alumni is a plural form of alumnus
  • alumnae is a plural form of alumna

Current usage

  • In current usage, the term “alumni” covers all four cases.
  • Not that “alumni” is not synonymous with “graduate”.
  • Most universities have an alumni organization and a department to support alumni activities.

RIT Alumni International was established in the USA in 1999 to host the First RIT Grand Reunion and Saya Pu Zaw Pwe (aka SPZP-2000).

To pick up the work done by RIT Alumni International, Northern California RIT Alumni Association (NorCal RITAA) was formed about seven years ago.

The RIT-YIT-YTU Alumni Association was formed in 2015. It is referred to as ARITA or RITAA. Life membership in RITAA costs 60,000 Kyats. The annual membership is 12,000 Kyats.



Tipitaka is a Pali term.

It is commonly rendered as “Three Baskets”.

It comprises of

  • Vinaya : monastic rules of conduct
  • Sutta : discourses
  • Abhidhamma : ultimate reality

At the First Buddhist Council

  • Ashin Maha Kassapa acted as the Questioner
  • Ashin Upali recited Vinaya
  • Ashin Ananda recited Sutta and Abhidhamma

At the Sixth Buddhist Council

  • Mahasi Sayadaw U Sobhana acted as the Questioner
  • Mingun Tipitaka Sayadaw U Vicittarabhivamsa recited the Vinaya, Sutta and Abhidhamma.
  • The Guinness Book of World Records listed Mingun Tipitaka Sayadaw for his phenomonal memory

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