Terms : A

Updated : August 8, 2019



In the USA, AAA (or Triple A) stands for American Automobile Association. The benefits vary depending upon if one is a regular member or a premium member. Commonly provided services include

  • towing
  • jump start
  • lock out
  • out of gas
  • optional : battery replacement


AA and AAA are battery sizes.


In computing, AAA stands for

  • Authentication
  • Authorization
  • Accounting


May be based on

  • What you know (e.g. password or pass phrase)
  • What you have (e.g. special token for login)
  • What you are (e.g. fingerprint)


May be based on

  • Role (e.g. Administrator)
  • Time / Period (e.g. working hours only)
  • Types of allowable resource (e.g. sensitive data)


May be based on

  • Paid subscription
  • Pay as you go
  • No charge
  • Discount


In our younger days, we had to study Active Voice and Passive Voice.

Sayagyi Dr. Aung Gyi reminded us to be Physically, Mentally and Socially Active.

Physically Active

Saw Maung Maung Htwe (Intake of 64) says active by competing in long distance events. A few years back, he was competing in Mandalay. We had a quick chat.

Khin Maung Myint (M71) also compete in events in several countries. He represented RIT in Rowing. There are three Khin Maung Myint in the Class of 71.

One can stay physically active by walking, running, biking,swimming or exercising at a gym. One should do proper warm up and cool down.

Mentally Active

Ivan Lee’s mother lived up to be 102 by being mentally active. She played Mah Jong one or two hours daily.

One can stay mentally active by reading, writing, playing word games & cards, and meditating.

One can also exercise one’s mind (e.g. recalling the events associated with a picture).

Socially Active

One can stay socially active by attending events (e.g. Toastmasters International, Meetups, celebrations).

One can also be active on the Social Media.



Many years ago I received a photo album as a present.

Photos were expensive. It costs about 25 – 50 pyas per photo. There is a base cost for processing a film roll, and extra cost for printing the reasonably good photos. One may waste money due to over-exposure, under-exposure, blurred photos (for taking moving objects with a low ASA or DIN).

I do not take many photos. So, my album was not full. I decided to use my album as a Scrap Book.

Scrap Book

I pasted some of my publications (poems and translations) from the newspapers (e.g. Guardian, WPD) and magazines (e.g. Forward). I added some captions.

A few years back, I tore off the pages and scanned them. I posted some of them in my Facebook.

As time and energy permitted, I provided details of the photo and some related information.


Ko Benny Tan (M70) told me that his parents brought thousands of photos (taken out of many albums to save weight and space) to the USA. With such wealth of material, it is easy to share memories with the descendants.

Thanks to sayas, alumni, friends and readers for sharing rare photos and memories.



  • alumnus means “male student”
  • almuna means “female student”
  • alumni means “male students”
  • alumnae means “female students”

Modern usage

To save time and space, we use alum to represent all the four cases.

The modern usage of the term “alumni” applies to both male and female students. It refers to former students (not necessarily graduates) of a school, college or university. It may also refer to former employees of a company or corporation.

Most Universities have

  • Alumni Associations
  • Office of Alumni Relations

RIT Alumni International

  • RIT Alumni International was formed in 1999 with the primary objective of planning and implementing the First RIT Grand Reunion and SPZP (Saya Pu Zaw Pwe).
  • Saya Allen Htay (C58, GBNF) served as the President.
  • The RIT Alumni International Newsletter was published in April, 1999.
  • The Newsletter was posted on the two RIT web sites, Facebook groups and Google group.


The Newsletter and Updates cover

  • the good and sad news of sayas, sayamas and alumni
  • micro-gatherings, mini-gatherings, gatherings (by class and/or discipline), world wide Reunions and SPZPs
  • articles
  • photos


  • Northern California RIT Alumni Association was formed six years ago as a continuation of the San Francisco Bay Area Alumni Group and RIT Alumni International.
  • Saya U Maung Maung (George, ChE66) served as the first President. His successors include U Kaung Kaung Oo (Gordon, M83) and U Aung Myint Oo (EC84).
  • Stan Liou (M67, Table Tennis) served as the first Chair of BOD (Board of Directors). His successor is Saya U Myat Htoo (C68).
  • U Thaung Nyunt (M87), U Myint Swe (EP74) and U Tin Maung Win (C86) served as Secretary for the different terms.
  • NorCal RITAA provides scholarship for the children of alumni in the USA.
  • NorCal RITAA works closely with RITAA in Yangon to provide scholarship for eligible YTU students.
  • NorCal RITAA facilitated to raise funds for the YTU Library Modernization Project. It donated $3000 for the training of Library Staff. It also provided the first installment of $6650 for the sign board and general fund.
  • Daw Mu Mu Kin has donated Saya Allen Htay’s books to YTU Library. In memory of Saya Allen, she also provided scholarships to YTU students.


  • RITAA is a short name for RIT-YIT-YTU Alumni Association.
  • U Tin Latt (M85) served as the first President. He is succeeded by U Myo Aye.


Analog may stand for “a person or an object which may be compared to another”.

An analogy is a comparison of two things that are similar.

An analog device uses information represented by a continuous variable.

An analog thermometer measures temperature via the expansion of the mercury in its bulb.

The analog speedometer displays the speed of a car via the needle on its dial.

Some early computers are analog (e.g. Differential Analyzer). The later computers are mostly digital. Some computer systems are hybrid.

There are tools to convert analog signals to digital, and vice versa.
ADC is a tool to convert Analog to Digital.
DAC is a tool to convert Digital to Analog.

The sounds produced by a musical instrument are analog.
Analog information may be digitized by using appropriate sampling techniques.

Awareness and CERT

U Khin Maung Zaw (EC76) commented on my Trivia post on “Disaster“.

No matter if there is a somewhat connection with the ‘climate change‘ concept, the natural disasters, storms/earthquakes/tsunamis are getting as often and more powerful in the past several years. These has caused severe damaged to many lives, killed, injured, livelihood wiped out among others.

In the United States, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which covers these emergencies have discovered that they alone albeit budget crunch could not handle each and every aspect of the damages, They are now encouraging, and working with local authorities, city/county/state on many aspects of the disaster preparedness and recovery process and procedures.

First, there is a FEMA App on all mobile platforms, where one can go through subscribing Alerts, Anticipate/Prepare for any disasters, Disaster Resources et al. In US, various regions have differing disaster, for example Washington State where I live, we have to be prepared for major earthquakes but not for Hurricanes etc. The local authorities have classes, training sessions, drills on where/how/what/who, the usual five ‘W’s on many possible disasters. My city, Kirkland has multiple levels of CERT, Community Emergency Response Team, classes, trainings, intensive training/classes for leadership levels, regular sync ups/meetings etc.

They are also aware that not all local/state/federal could communicate well in the cases of disasters due to proliferation of different communication equipment and trying to alleviate the issue.

One very interesting discovery they learned from the mega-disasters past couple of years is that the previous assumptions that they had for the preparedness were no longer adequate. The old assumption was that you need to have at least three day supply of food/water/first-aid – basic essentials. In the recent mega-disasters, they discovered that there are many instances no rescuers could get to you for more than a week or so, the new thinking/suggestion is that you need to have at least 2 weeks stock of live essentials. food/water/waste management/radios/batteries etc. There is also a movement where rather than you do it for yourself and/or your family, your neighborhood would pool resources in a commonly accessible area, like one’s spare space in a garage, you could store beds/cots/water tanks/medical supplies for multiple family etc. We live in a place where rain is given so tents/ponchos are a must. Dehydrated food, which could last 25+ years or so could be stored there.The city have all these info, with maps, co-ordinate with all authorities in the case a disaster,

I could go on and on as I went through the very basic level of CERT, and am thinking of week long class/training.

There is a consensus assessment that rescuers could not reached to many victims in major disaster where roads, telecommunication might be devastated. Seattle, Kirkland, Bellevue, Redmond and many other cities in and around Puget Sound, Western Washington where life is way overdue for major earthquake.

Used in my posts

  • A or Arch : Architecture
  • AFAIK : As Far As I Know
  • AFPFL : Anti Fascist Peoples’ Freedom League
  • Ag or M/Ag : Agricultural (sub-department of Mechanical)
  • AGM : Annual General Meeting
  • AI : Artificial Intelligence
  • ASAP : As Soon As Possible
  • Auto or M/Auto : Automobile (sub-department of Mechanical)
  • BA or B.A : Bachelor of Arts
  • BAA : Burma Athletic Association
  • BARB : Burma Astro Research Bureau
  • BS or B.Sc : Bachelor of Science
  • BFF : Best Friends Forever
  • BIT : Burma Institute of Technology
  • BSPP : Burmese Socialist Program Party
  • C : Civil
  • ChE : Chemical
  • Chem : Chemistry
  • COE : Center of Excellence
  • ConBro : Convent and Brother Schools
  • CS : Computer Science
  • CT : Computer Technology
  • DAC : Diploma in Automatic Computing
  • DCA : Directorate of Civil Aviation
  • DCS : Department of Computer Science
  • DG : Director General
  • Dio : Diocesan
  • DST : Daylight Savings Time
  • E : Electrical
  • EC : Electrical Communications
  • EC : Executive Committee
  • Eco : Economics
  • EE : Electrical Engineering
  • EI : Electrical Inspectorate
  • EP : Electrical Power
  • EQ : Emotional Quotient
  • Engg : Engineering
  • FDA : Food and Drug Administration
  • GBNF : Gone But Not Forgotten
  • GTI : Government Technical Institute
  • GJ : Golden Jubilee (Shwe YaDu)
  • HCF : Health Care Fund
  • HMEE : History of Myanmar Engineering Education
  • HSF : High School Final
  • I.A : Intermediate of Arts
  • I.Com : Intermediate of Commerce
  • ICST : Institute of Computer Science and Technology
  • IFL : Institute of Foreign Languages
  • ILA : Intelligence Level Aggregate
  • IM (1) : Institute of Medicine (1)
  • Intake : mostly 1st BE Intake
  • IP : Intellectual Property
  • IQ : Intelligence Quotient
  • I.Sc : Intermediate of Science
  • KG : Kindergarten
  • LSE : London School of Economics
  • M : Mechanical
  • Matric : Matriculation
  • MARB : Myanmar Astro Research Bureau
  • MASU : Mandalay Arts and Science University
  • MEHS : Methodist English High School
  • Met : Metallurgy
  • Min : Mining
  • MS or M.Sc : Master of Science
  • NLD : National League for Democracy
  • NorCal RITAA : Northern California RIT Alumni Association
  • PBRS : Private Boundary Road School
  • Pet : Petroleum
  • PPBRS : Private Primary Boundary Road School
  • PZP : Pu Zaw Pwe
  • Q&A : Question and Answer
  • RASU : Rangoon Arts and Science University
  • RGC : Rangoon Golf Club
  • RIT : Rangoon Institute of Technology
  • RIT69er : Class of 69++
  • RITAA : RIT-YIT-YTU Alumni Association
  • RU : Rangoon University
  • RUBC : Rangoon University Boat Club
  • RUESU : Rangoon University Engineering Students’ Union
  • RUSU : Rangoon University Students’ Union
  • SDY : Swel Daw Yeik
  • SDYF : Swel Daw Yeik Foundation
  • SEAP : South East Asian Peninsular
  • SJC : St. John’s Convent
  • SPHS : Saint Paul’s High School
  • SPZP : Saya Pu Zaw Pwe
  • T or Tex : Textile
  • UCC : Universities’ Computer Center
  • UCSY : University of Computer Studies Yangon
  • UCT : Universal Coordinated Time
  • Update : RIT Alumni International Newsletter Update
  • UTC : University Training Corps
  • YIT : Yangon Institute of Technology
  • YTU : Yangon Technological University
  • YUFL : Yangon University of Foreign Languages



Yadaya stands for Change. Yadaya is similar to fire. It can be a good slave or a bad master.

U Myint Sein

According to U Myint Sein (GBNF), former Principal of BARB, ladies are excellent at Yadaya. They change their appearance (e.g. with the aid of cosmetics).


According to folk lore, a student went to study at Tekkatho (Tekka Sila) to study under Ditha Par Mauk Kha (Professor). The professor was an expert in Veda. He saw that some calamity (probably death) will fall soon on the student. So, he told the student to return to the village for a while and come back at a later date.

The student did some good deeds on the way back. He moved some fishes from an almost empty pond to nearby stream. He pruned the hanging branches and righted some bent trees. He used some planks to create a make-shift bridge.

On his subsequent visit, the student told the Professor about his actions on the way back to his village. The Professor was pleased to know that the student’s Yadaya had thwarted the ill effects.

Extreme belief in Yadaya

The following may be attributed to some then higher authorities who believe too much in the power of Yadaya.

A classmate told us that there was a night walk on Minn Lann by the high authorities. The lights were out during the walk. Some other events (e.g. the construction of Karaweik) allude to a Kingdom.

The change to Nyar Lann Maung without making revisions to the road and the vehicles may be a Yadana to simulate a change to the right (from left [or Socialist]).

The issue of bank notes such as 45 Kyats and 90 Kyats may be due to the belief of Nawin or “Nines”.

The issue of bank notes honoring Saya San and Thakin Po Hla Gyi may be a Yadana to simulate the revolutionaries throughout the nation, and thereby thwart revolutions.

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