Terms

Currency [4]

Updated : August 5, 2019

After Burma’s Independence, the Burmese Government phased out the use of British and Indian currency, and introduced the Burmese currency.

Burmese Currency

For some time, the Burmese Currency was tied to the “Sterling Pound” and/or “Gold Reserve”. There was a limited number of Notes in circulation.

The Notes had “Ye Zar” to deter counterfeiting and were guaranteed. Some early ones had the signature of Sithu U Kaung (father of U Thaw Kaung, Daw Yee May Kaung and Daw Kyi May Kaung). Subsequent ones were signed by U San Lin. Some children were named after the signer of the currency notes. They include U San Lin (M87, Maung Lu Pay).

Denomination

The coins in use include

  • One Pya
  • Five Pyas
  • Ten Pyas
  • Twenty five Pyas
  • Fifty Pyas

The Notes include

  • One Kyat
  • Five Kyats
  • Ten Kyats

Degradation

When we were young, we received a daily allowance of 25 Pyas.

We paid five pyas for simple food items. For example, a 25-pack of “Mayan Yo” would cost 75 Pyas (wholesale at Theingyi Zaw). Each pack would be sold for 5 Pyas retail.

Mohinga would sell for 15 Pyas (without Ah Kyaw) and 25 Pyas (with Ah Kyaw).

Later, we would encounter the sad events

  • Three Demonetization (with increasing degree of severity)
  • Distribution of non-standard Notes (e.g. 15 Kyats, 35 Kyats, 75 Kyats, 90 Kyats) supposedly as Yadaya
  • Not using Bogyoke Aung San’s pictures

The degradation of the monetary system and the high cost of living led in part to the 8-8-88 “Ah Yay Taw Pone”.

Exchange rates

We would see the dramatic change in exchange rates.

Kyat versus Baht

In the early days, one Kyat traded for 4 Bahts.

Then it became “Baht Taik, Kyat Taik” where one Kyat is traded for one Baht. Bad, but not too bad.

It became really bad when Four Kyats are trade for One Baht. The spending power of Kyat has decreased dramatically (sixteen times from the early days).

Kyat versus USD (United States Dollar)

In our younger days, one US Dollar was traded for 5 Kyats. The book shops would use the rate 6 Kyats per USD. We could afford to buy text books, fiction, non fiction, comics and cartoons.

In the 80s, one USD was traded around 50 Kyats.

A few years back, one USD was traded around 1000 Kyats.

With growing inflation, the low end Notes and all Coins are no longer used.

Two years ago, we had a road trip to Upper Burma. One of the tolls was K400. When the car owner gave a K500 Note, a “Cho Chin” was returned. The lame excuse was that the toll booth did not have a 100 Kyat Note to pay the balance. Was it an example displaying the decline of economics and ethics?

Categories: Terms

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s