Terms

Dhamma

Updated on March 12, 2019

  • Bhamaso Taya Lay Par
  • Three Messages

Byamaso Taya Lay Par

  • Metta
  • Karuna
  • Mudita
  • Uppekha

Metta

  • Metta is also spelled as “Myitta
  • It may stand for “Unbounded Love
  • It is also rendered as “Loving Kindness
  • It is one of the four “Bhama Vihara” aka “Bhamaso Taya Lay Pa” (along with Karuna, Mudita, and Uppekha)
  • It is practiced as a form of meditation. 
  • U Silananda‘s book on Protective Verses has a section on how to practice Loving Kindness Meditation.
  • Tipitaka Mingun Sayadawgyi recited the Two Methods of sending Metta. It can be found on YouTube and CDs.
  • Metta Sutta” is one of the eleven Suttas in “Paritta Pali” (Protective Verses). It is chanted at most Buddhist ceremonies.
  • Myitta is covered along with Thitsar (Truth) in Dr. Min Tin Mon‘s book “Myitta and Thitsar
  • U Thu Kha wrote a book on Metta Sutta.
  • U Jotalankara‘s book explains the 528 Metta.
  • A Physics teacher said, “Myitta So Dar Ah Hlyar Ah Nan Ma Shee Bay Mei Ah Thwar Ah Pyan Shee Bar Thay Dae.”
  • One monastery in the SF Bay Area is named “Mettananda Vihara”. It moved from Fremont to Castro Valley.

Practicing Metta

(a) By Way of LOCATION:

  • May I be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this house be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this area be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this city be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this country be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this world be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings in this universe be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings be well, happy and peaceful.

(b) By Way of PERSONS:

  • May I be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my teachers be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my parents be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my relatives be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May my friends be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May the indifferent persons be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May the unfriendly persons be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all meditators be well, happy and peaceful.
  • May all beings be well, happy and peaceful.

Karuna

  • Karuna may stand for Compassion.
  • Sayadaw U Sobhana (GBNF) had four Indonesian siblings as his students. He named one of them Karuna. She was present at Sayadaw’s Last Journey.
  • Mahaya Buddhists emphasize on the importance of Compassion.
  • Buddha is called “The Compassionate One”.
  • There is a “Karuna Ah Thinn” in Singapore. One of its activities is to help the needy for the Last Journey of their loved one.
  • We see an outpouring of Karuna in the relief efforts for Disaster Recovery.
  • Karuna is one of the four Bhamaso Taya.

Practicing Karuna

  • May suffering ones be suffering-free,
  • And the fear-struck fearless be,
  • May the grieving shed all grief,
  • And all beings find relief.

Mudita

  • Mudita may stand for Altruistic Joy.
  • Mudita may stand for Sympathetic Joy.
  • One could and should feel joyful when one hears good news about others.
  • One monastery in Hayward, California is named “Mudita Shwe Kyaung”.
  • There is a magazine named Mudita edited by Saya U Nyunt Htay (Met73)
  • Mudita is one of the four Bhamaso Taya.

Uppekha

  • Upekkha may stand for Neutral [Feeling].
  • A feeling may be Pleasant, Unpleasant and Non-Pleasant & Non-Unpleasant. The last is synonymous with Upekkha.
  • Upekkha may stand for Equanimity.
  • It is non-trivial to sense Upekkha while practicing Vipassana (Insight) Meditation.
  • In a loose usage in Burmese, “Upekkha Shu” means “ignore”.
  • Upekka is one of the four Bhamaso Taya.

Three Messages

(1) King Dutthagamani’s Message

၁။ ငါ ယခု စစ္တိုက္ျခင္းသည္ မင္းစည္းစိမ္ဟူေသာ ငါ၏ ကိုယ္က်ိဳးစီးပြါးရလိုမႈအတြက္ လုံ႔လအားထုတ္မႈ ဘယ္အခါမွ် မရွိခဲ့ဖူးပါ။ ဘုရားရွင္သာသနာေတာ္ ႀကီး အရွည္ခံ့၍ တည္တံ့ပါေစျခင္း အလို႔ငွာသာ ျဖစ္ပါ၏။
ဤသစၥာစကားေၾကာင့္ ေအာင္ပြဲအလီလီ ရပါေစသတည္း။ (ဒု႒ဂါမဏိမင္းႀကီး)

Loose rendition by Hla Min

I am waging wars
not for attaining and retaining the kingly treasures.

My efforts are not for my personal gains.

It is for the sustenance
of the Sasana (Buddha’s dispensation).

Due to the asservation of truth
may I achieve
multiple victories.

(King Dutthagamani)

(2) Mahagandayone Sayadaw’s Message

၂။ ကိုယ္တည္းတစ္ေယာက္၊ ခ်မ္းသာေရာက္ဖို႔၊ ခုေလာက္ႀကိဳးကုတ္၊ အားမထုတ္ဘူး။
ဗုဒၶျမတ္စြာ၊ သာသနာ၏၊ ေရွးခါဘိုးဘ၊ လက္ထက္ကလွ်င္၊ ရသည့္တန္ခိုး၊ ထပ္မညိႈးဖို႔၊ အားႀကိဳးမာန္တက္၊ ငါေဆာင္ရြက္သည္၊ ဆက္လက္ တည္တံ့ပါေစေသာ္ဝ္။ (မဟာဂႏၶာ႐ုံ ဆရာေတာ္)

Loose rendition by Hla Min

If only for my personal well-being
and sukkha
I would not have exerted
too much effort like this.

In order that
Sasana (Buddha’s dispensation)
which thrived in our ancestor’s time
should not decay or decline
but shine much more brilliantly
for a long time
I am serving diligently
with all my might.

(Mahagandayone Sayadaw)

(3) Si Shin Sayadaw U Caritta’s Message

၃။ ျမတ္စြာဘုရား၏ သာသနာေတာ္ျမတ္ႀကီးကို ေရွးဘုန္း ေရွးကံ ႀကီးမားသူတို႔သည္သာလွ်င္ ျပဳစု ေထာက္ပ့ံခြင့္ ရၾကေလကုန္၏။ ဘုန္းကံနည္းပါးသူတို႔မွာကား ျပဳစုေထာက္ပ့ံခြင့္, က်င့္ၾကံအားထုတ္ခြင့္ ကို တရံတဆစ္ကေလးမွ် မရၾကေလကုန္။
(စည္ရွင္ဆရာေတာ္ ဦးစာရိတၱ)

Loose rendition by Hla Min

Only those who have practiced Perfections
and have good kamma [i.e. done kusala deeds substantially]
in their past existences
can support
Sasana (Buddha’s dispensation).

Those who have not [practiced Perfections
and kusala deeds substantially
in their past existences]
will not have the opportunity
even to listen and practice Dhamma
[let alone contribute to the sustenance
of Sasana].

Si Shin Sayadaw U Caritta



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