For archive (Updated on February 9, 2019)

A deck of cards has 52 cards.

There are four suits :

  • Clubs
  • Diamonds
  • Hearts
  • Spades.

Each suit has 13 cards : One (or Ace), Two (or Deuce), Three (or Trey), Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten, Jack (or Knave), Queen, King.


Grapevine says that

  • the four suits correspond to the four seasons or four quarters
  • the 13 cards in a suit correspond to the number of weeks in a quarter
  • the 52 cards in a deck correspond to the number of weeks in a year


Clubs and Spades are colored Black.

Diamonds and Hearts are colored Red.

Card Games

There are many card games. There are books describing the rules of the games. Some provide analysis of selected card games (e.g. from Bridge tournament).

Card games may need one, two or more (e.g. four) decks.

Based on the card game, a card may have a face value.

In Black Jack (aka Vingt-e-un or Twenty One), an Ace can have a value of one or eleven.

In a bidding convention for Bridge, an Ace is considered as having a value of 4 points, King as 3 points, Queen as 2 points and Jack as 1 point. A deck has a value of 40 points. One the average, each player gets 10 points. For the normal distribution of cards, a player needs 11 or more points to open a bid and the partner needs 6 or more points to respond to the bid. They need 26 or more points to bid for a game, and 36 or more points to bid for a slam. For abnormal distributions (e.g. one player has 7 or more cards in a suit, or void in one suit), the point system may be relaxed.

U Khin Maung Oo (Ivan Lee, M69) is a Life Long Gold in Bridge.

Solitaire is a collection of card games that one can play alone for fun or for challenge (based on points or elapsed time). Common members of Solitaire are

  • Klondike
  • Free Cell
  • Spider
  • Pyramid
  • Tri-Heap

I spent lots of time playing to earn badges (Bronze, Silver, Gold, Diamond and “Perfect”) for several months. It was effectively substituted by writing posts and sharing knowledge and experience.

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